meconium peritonitis


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Related to meconium peritonitis: meconium ileus, Cloacal exstrophy

me·co·ni·um per·i·to·ni·tis

peritonitis caused by intestinal perforation in the fetus or newborn; associated with congenital obstruction or due to cystic fibrosis.

meconium peritonitis

peritonitis resulting from perforation of the bowel into the peritoneal cavity in utero or shortly after birth. This causes escape of the meconium into the peritoneal cavity. It occurs most often as a complication of meconium ileus in cystic fibrosis.

me·co·ni·um per·i·to·ni·tis

(mē-kō'nē-ŭm per'i-tō-nī'tis)
Peritonitis caused by intestinal perforation in the fetus or newborn; associated with congenital obstruction or fibrocystic disease of the pancreas.

meconium peritonitis

Peritonitis in the newborn caused by perforation of the gastrointestinal tract in utero. It most often occurs in newborns with cystic fibrosis. Neonatal intestinal obstruction is also usually present.
See also: peritonitis
References in periodicals archive ?
The division of meconium peritonitis into groups depending on whether the perforation occurred in utero or neonatally is necessary for determining the type of management.
It is also useful for the radiologist and sonographer to know that most antenatally diagnosed cases of meconium peritonitis are unrelated to CF, and that patients with CF rarely present with intraperitoneal calcifications.
Abdominal, scrotal, and thoracic calcifications owing to healed meconium peritonitis.
Meconium peritonitis with accompanying pseudocyst: prenatal sonographic diagnosis.
Most of the patients with meconium peritonitis and meconium pseudocyst show good response to the treatment with favorable long term outcome.
Izumi Y, Sato Y, Kakui K, Tatsumi K, Fujiwara H, Konishi I: Prenatal treatment of meconium peritonitis with urinary trypsin inhibitor.
Milas Z, Atkinson G, Gow K W: Meconium peritonitis.