episcopus (internal 4), share the flexor cranial facial zone not funded medially (character 2, condition 1); present rostral prominence (character 3, condition 1); absent median rostral concavity (character 4, condition 0); relation medial x caudal condyle of the quadrate caudal > medial (character 24, condition 1); caudal expansion of the present choanal fossa (character 35, condition 1); short maxillopalatine process (character 13, condition 0) and absent transpalatine process (character 34, condition 0).
episcopus (internal 2) share the following characters: intermediate suprameatic process (character 6, condition 1); reduced process of the ectethmoid (character 12, condition 1); long maxillopalatine process (character 13, condition 1).
As in the present study, five characters were considered in the Mycteria, which are directly related to the palatine; maxillopalatine process; lateral palatine crest; pterygoid process of the palatine; ventral palatine crest and ventral palatine fossa, demonstrating the importance of this structure and that its different conditions are used to group different taxons of birds (GUZZI et.
The dental alveoli (Figure 1D; Figure 3A) and the maxillopalatine
opening (Figure 1C; Figure 3C) were readily observed with all three endoscopes (viewing rate of 100%); however, the palatine sinus (Figure 3E; Figure 3H) could not be accessed in all heads.
fenestrae are present, extending from the anterior margin of P3 to the anterior edge of M3.
All species present a conspicuous depression between the maxillopalatine
processes (PrMP, Figures 10-14), but this depression is deeper in Tapera and Dromococcyx (Figures 10, 11).
Of these, nine were too inconsistent within species to be useful: Shape of the lateral margin of the ectethmoid plate, size of the supraotic fenestra, relative lengths of the metatarsal trochleae, shape of the maxillopalatine bones, shape of the internal (= medial) process of the mandible, presence and nature of the Pocock foramina (Pocock 1966), the degree of the distal bend of the tarsometatarsus, degree of the medial curve of the rostral palatine, and presence and shape of a manubrium-sternum bridge.
These characters were: position of the club of the maxillopalatine, medial curvature of the rostral palatine, length of the interpalatine space, position of the palatal crests, shape of the rostral end of the vomer in ventral view, nature of the pterygoid-palatine joint, and size or presence of an interorbital fontanel.
For example, whereas maxillary fenestrae (maxillary perforations that lie between the maxillopalatine
fenestra and M1 on either side of the palate; Voss and Jansa, 2003: fig.