There are many different types of pathogen strains that genetically vary between their virulence and mating types
(Table 1) (Kamoun et al., 2015).
Six cages were observed per night, 1 for each of the 3 remating intervals for females mated initially to a wild or sterile male (i.e., 3 time intervals x 2 initial male mating types
= 6 cages per night).
palmivora (Butler) Butler from papaya (Carica papaya L.) of the two mating types
: A1 (isolate no.
were determined by randomly selecting 12 of the original monokaryotic isolates derived from the same strain.
On the other hand, if 0 [less than or equal to] V(t; i, j) < 1 and if this relationship held forward in time, then eventually mating types
of the form (i, j) would disappear from the population.
When fungal threads of different mating types
find one another in the soil, sexual reproduction occurs and small truffles develop, 10 to 30 centimeters deep.
melanosporum with opposite mating types
combined through sexual reproduction.
Eukaryotic sex can take place between mating types
in isogametic species which lack the differentiation between microgametes or sperm and macrogametes or eggs, the distinction which defines male and female (or their functions in hermaphrodites).
The mating types
of the isolates were determined by multiplex PCR amplification by using 2 pairs of mating type
locus (MTL)-specific primers.
Egg number per clutch varies considerably between the two development modes, and preliminary results indicated that eggs per clutch also varied among mating types
(unfertilized, self-fertilized, or paired).
They explain laboratory techniques for investigating such topics as genetic processes, mating types
, microneuclei and macronuclei, cortical morphogenesis, and behavior.