"This won't do, Princess; it won't do," said he, when Princess Mary, having taken and closed the exercise book with the next day's lesson, was about to leave: "

Mathematics are most important, madam!

But the more profound reason was that in her mind

mathematics were directly opposed to literature.

The programme is designed help students at the lower level of education to overcome the fear of mathematics, as well as support them to be critical thinkers.

The Deputy Minister, in an interview with the media, stated that mathematics was not something that students must be shying away from, adding that mathematics is the most easy subject.

According to US media 'Forbes', "At the 2018 World Meeting for Women in Mathematics, (WM)^2 held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the Women's Committee of the Iranian Mathematical Society proposed designating Maryam Mirzakhani's birthday (May 12) as a day for celebrating women in mathematics."

Globally, several organizations for women in mathematics support the initiative, including European Women in Mathematics, the Association for Women in Mathematics, the African Women in Mathematics Association, the Colectivo de Mujeres MatemEiticas de Chile (Collective of Women Mathematicians in Chile) and Indian Women and Mathematics," Forbes added.

Given that

mathematics knowledge is cumulative, it is critical for young children to develop strong early number competence.

The conference was arranged to provide an opportunity to the experts from various countries in a variety of branches of Pure

Mathematics and benefit from each other's experiences.

Keywords: Learning in

Mathematics, Difficulties, Perceptions, Field Dependency

'One, the fact that we lack good facilities for the teaching and learning of

mathematics in terms of

mathematics laboratory.

Research Question 1: Have inservice teachers'

mathematics anxiety levels changed and/or to what degree has this change occurred/not occurred after 5 years teaching experience?

Keywords: collaborative teaching,

mathematics, beliefs, Pakistan