The maternal-fetal conflict may begin with the implantation, the mechanism which occurs both in spontaneous or assisted fertilization.
The maternal-fetal conflict includes a broad range of possible interventions, non-interventions, and coercive influences ranging from forbidding alcohol, drugs or nicotine consumption (Di Renzo, 2008).
23: Conflict of Interest: Maternal-Fetal Conflict
and the Politics of Conservatives
City of Charleston is the first Supreme Court case involving a maternal-fetal conflict in an addiction context, articulating that pregnant women cannot be "searched" without probable cause under the Constitution.
Nocon, Physicians and Maternal-Fetal Conflicts: Duties, Rights and Responsibilities, 5 J.
Wade has been a crucial factor in the creation of "fetal rights." In their fight against a woman's right to an abortion, anti-abortion activists have had to argue for fetal interests - interests which are necessarily construed as in conflict with that of the pregnant woman.(7) At the same time, the perception of the potential for maternal-fetal conflict in pregnancy has led to other disturbing trends - court-ordered cesareans, prosecution of women for "fetal abuse," and workplace restrictions on fertile women.(8)
Although feminist scholarship has focused needed attention on the dangers of a fetal rights discourse for women's reproductive freedom in particular and women's rights in general,(9) there has been little empirical work that examines women's embodied experience of pregnancy with regard to the light it could cast on the issue of maternal-fetal conflict.(10) In this article, we analyze the prenatal dietary practices of a group of pregnant U.S.
I want to focus, however, on some disturbing problems with the application of the authors' theory to fetal protection cases, or what are sometimes called cases of "maternal-fetal conflict
While exploring state limitations on procreation, we're still left (as perhaps we must be) with no clear answers to questions regarding, for instance, maternal-fetal conflict
or conflict over gestational versus genetic parentage.
In Life Before Birth, Bonnie Steinbock identifies some "inconsistencies, both in morality and the law, in our treatment of the unborn." According to Steinbock, "the key" to the resolutioon of inconsistencies in our views about abortion, embryo and fetal research, maternal-fetal conflict
, and prenatal injury and death lies in a "theory of moral status - that is, a theory about which kinds of beings can be the object of moral concern."
are interesting out of proportion to their incidence in part because they raise in a compelling way questions about the integration of medical and family ethics, an important and underdeveloped topic.
Perhaps the most innovative discussion in this book is to be found in its final chapter on "Fetal and Gene Therapy," in which Elias and Annas consider the maternal-fetal conflicts
raised by therapy that can be rendered in utero.