maternal


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maternal

 [mah-ter´nal]
pertaining to the female parent.
maternal deprivation syndrome failure to thrive with severe growth retardation, unresponsiveness to the environment, depression, retarded mental and emotional development, and behavioral problems as a result of loss, absence, or neglect of the mother or other primary caregiver.

ma·ter·nal

(mă-ter'năl),
Relating to or derived from the mother.
[L. maternus, fr. mater, mother]

maternal

/ma·ter·nal/ (mah-ter´nal) pertaining to the mother.

maternal

(mə-tûr′nəl)
adj.
1. Relating to or characteristic of a mother or motherhood; motherly: maternal instinct.
2. Inherited from one's mother: a maternal trait.
3. Related through one's mother: my maternal uncle.

ma·ter′nal·ism n.
ma·ter′nal·ly adv.

maternal (mat, matern.)

[mətur′nəl]
Etymology: L, maternus, motherhood
1 inherited, derived, or received from a mother.
2 motherly in behavior.
3 related through the mother's side of the family, such as a maternal grandfather.

maternal

adjective
(1) Referring to a mother; motherly.
(2) Referring to a woman who has given birth.

hydrops fetalis

Kernicterus, Rh incompatibility, Rh-induced hemolytic disease of newborn Obstetrics An accumulation of fluid in neonates, resulting in a 'puffy', plethoric or hydropic appearance that may be due to various etiologies Clinical Ascites, edema, ↓ protein or chronic intrauterine anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, cardiomegaly, extramedullary hematopoiesis, jaundice, pallor COD Heart failure. See Hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Hydrops Fetalis, causes
Immune Mother produces IgG antibodies against infant antigen(s), often an RBC antigen, most commonly, anti-RhD, which then passes into the fetal circulation, causing hemolysis
Non-immune Hydrops may result from various etiologies including
•  Fetal origin, eg congenital heart disease (premature foramen ovale closure, large AV septal defect), hematologic (erythroblastosis fetalis, α-thalassemia due to hemoglobin Barts, chronic fetomaternal or twin-twin transfusion), infection (CMV, herpesvirus, rubella, sepsis, toxoplasma), pulmonary (cystic adenomatoid malformation, diaphragmatic hernia, with pulmonary hypoplasia, lymphangiectasia), renal (vein thrombosis, congenital nephrosis) and teratomas, skeletal malformations (achondroplasia, osteogenesis imperfecta, fetal neuroblastomatosis, storage disease, meconium peritonitis, idiopathic)
•  Placental Chorangioma, umbilical or chorionic vein thrombosis
 Maternal DM, toxemia  

ma·ter·nal

(mă-tĕr'năl)
Relating to or derived from the mother.
[L. maternus, fr. mater, mother]

Maternal

From one's mother.
Mentioned in: Prader-Willi Syndrome

maternal

pertaining to the female parent.

maternal antibodies
see maternal antibody and passive immunity.
maternal bond
see dam-offspring bond.
maternal effect
the transitory influence of the mother on the phenotype of her offspring, caused by factors such as milk yield and uterine environment.
maternal neglect
failure of the dam to stay with the neonate, failure to groom it, help it to feed, find it if separated. The extreme degree is desertion. Characteristic of some breeds, e.g. merino ewes. See also mismothering.
maternal nutritional status
body condition of a dam, pregnant or with a neonate at foot; important management feature as insurance for the survival of the offspring.
maternal obstetric paralysis
a common abnormality after a difficult calving, especially in a heifer. It is caused by pressure on peripheral nerves, and manifests itself as weakness, paresthesia in one hindleg, or difficulty or inability to rise. The ligaments, joints and muscles are normal. See also obturator paralysis.
maternal pelvic inlet
the size of the aperture leading from the peritoneal to the pelvic cavity.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Farid Midhat, country Director Jhpiego Pakistan, accompanied by officials Dr Wajiha Javed and Dr Kamran Baig said unassisted deliveries at homes, excessive bleeding during childbirth, delay in reaching healthcare facilities to prevent blood loss, and unavailability of trained CMWs and LHWs during childbirth and infections were some of the major reasons behind high maternal mortality in Sindh, which were tackled under their project and now the situation in Sindh had improved.
Adebisi lamented that the alarming rate of maternal morality in Nigeria is worrisome and requires urgent solutions.
maternal mortality rate has actually increased often cite a change in how maternal deaths are identified.
As hemorrhage and eclampsia are the main causes of maternal mortality in our country, the experts suggested, more preventive interventions need to be prioritized.
The population-based retrospective cohort study compared age-specific rates of severe maternal morbidities and mortality among 828,269 pregnancies in Washington state between 2003 and 2013.
Besides, it has also been evidenced by scientific community that maternal nutriment is very important for better health of the mother as well as for better and healthy growth and development of the child.
The function of MDSR is to identify and notify all suspected maternal deaths (death of women of reproductive age), reviewing the death that are due to pregnancy and its complications or management.
CONCLUSION: Eclampsia is a serious, common condition associated with significant maternal morbidity and mortality.
Briefing about the project, Maqssod Imam said that IGHDS and implementing partner were working jointly to reduce maternal mortality causes.
As data given by census of India, 2010-2012, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, maternal mortality ratio in India is 178 per 1,00,000 live births, whereas in Jharkhand it is 219 per 1,00,000 live births and maternal mortality rate in India is 12.
Maternal mortality is an indicator of the quality of obstetric care in a community, directly reflecting the utilization of healthcare services available.

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