(hazard ratio [HR], 2.8; 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 1.2 to 6.6), 29 to 42 days hospitalized (HR, 2.8; 95 percent CI, 1.3 to 5.9), massive hemoptysis
(HR, 2.1; 95 percent CI, 1.1 to 3.9), and relative drop in forced expiratory volume (FEV1) ≥30 percent over 12 months (HR, 1.7; 95 percent CI, 1.0 to 2.8) increased waitlist mortality risk.
caused by Dieulafoy's disease of the bronchus is a life-threatening condition.
is defined as more than 300 mL blood loss from hemoptysis over a 24-hour period.
Even if bronchoscopy or TBB was not performed, the patient was assessed as a capillaritis syndrome who was admitted with massive hemoptysis
. Mechanical ventilation was required suggesting a rather critical condition.
Among the complications of an aortic aneurysm one of the rarest is the aortobronchial fistula which presents with massive hemoptysis
; this condition is lethal if not treated surgically.
We present two cases with saccular thoracic aortic aneurysm which ruptured lung parenchyma that were presenting with massive hemoptysis
and treated with thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) along with 3rd month's imaging follow-up.
was defined as more than 300 ml of blood coughed per day.
 described a patient presenting with massive hemoptysis
and persistently low oxygenation despite ventilation, recovering after 18 days of venovenous ECMO (vv-ECMO).
Although massive hemoptysis
occurs in less than 20% of the cases , it can have devastating consequences.
A 66-year-old Caucasian female presented to an outlying emergency department (ED) for one-hour history of massive hemoptysis
. Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) was performed demonstrating pseudoaneurysmal degeneration of the aortic graft and fistulous flow to the right upper lobe (RUL) bronchus (Figure 1).
Idiopathic pulmonary vein thrombosis: A rare cause of massive hemoptysis
. Ann Thorac Surg 2009; 88: 281-3.
Multidisciplinary management of life-threatening massive hemoptysis
: a 10-year experience.