marasmus


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marasmus

 [mah-raz´mus]
a form of protein-calorie malnutrition occurring chiefly in the first year of life, with growth retardation and wasting of subcutaneous fat and muscle, but usually with retention of appetite and mental alertness. It is considered to be related to kwashiorkor. Infectious disease may be a precipitating factor. adj., adj maran´tic, maras´mic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ma·ras·mus

(mă-raz'mŭs),
Cachexia, especially in young children, primarily due to prolonged dietary deficiency of protein and calories.
[G. marasmos, withering]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

marasmus

(mə-răz′məs)
n.
A progressive wasting of the body, occurring chiefly in young children and associated with insufficient intake or malabsorption of food.

ma·ras′mic adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

marasmus

A state of severe malnutrition due to reduced ingestion of protein and calories, which can be as a result of poor diet, eating habits, parent-child relationship or metabolic defects.

Clinical findings
Failure to thrive, weight loss, emaciation, decreased skin turgor, skin and muscle atrophy; children have a wizened appearance, are listless, have abdominal distension and oedema, “starvation stools”, hypotonia, hypothermia, and reduced rates of metabolism.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

marasmus

A state of severe malnutrition, due to ↓ ingestion of protein and calories, due to poor diet, feeding habits, parent-child relationship or metabolic defects Clinical FTT, weight loss, emaciation, ↓ skin turgor, skin and muscle atrophy; children are wizened, listless, abdominal distension and edema, 'starvation stools', hypotonia, hypothermia, ↓ metabolism. Cf Kwashiorkor.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ma·ras·mus

(mă-raz'mŭs)
Cachexia, especially in young children, primarily due to prolonged dietary deficiency of protein and calories.
Synonym(s): Parrot disease (2) .
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

marasmus

A state of wasting or emaciation from starvation, usually in infants. There is weakness, irritability, dry skin and, unless rapidly corrected by feeding, retardation of growth and of mental development.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Marasmus

Severe malnutritution in children caused by a diet lacking in calories as well as protein. Marasmus may also be caused by disease and parasitic infection.
Mentioned in: Malnutrition, Starvation
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Parrot,

Jules Marie, French physician, 1829-1883.
Bednar-Parrot syndrome - Synonym(s): Parrot I syndrome
Parrot atrophy of the newborn
Parrot nodes - Synonym(s): Parrot sign
Parrot pseudoparalysis - syphilitic osteochondritis in newborns causing pseudoparalysis in one or more extremities. Synonym(s): syphilitic pseudoparalysis
Parrot sign - indicates congenital syphilis in newborns. Synonym(s): Parrot nodes
Parrot I syndrome - pseudoparalysis; periarticular swelling, onset seldom after 3 months of age. Synonym(s): Bednar-Parrot syndrome; Parrot syphilitic osteochondritis
Parrot II syndrome - failure to thrive, emaciation, edema, dry skin, with subcutaneous fat loss, abdomen flat or distended, hypothermia, slow pulse, decreased metabolic rate. Synonym(s): marasmus; infantile atrophy; inanition; athrepsia
Parrot syphilitic osteochondritis - Synonym(s): Parrot I syndrome
Parrot ulcer - seen in stomatitis or thrush
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012

ma·ras·mus

(mă-raz'mŭs)
Cachexia primarily due to prolonged dietary deficiency of protein and calories.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Differences in the pattern of amino acid concentrations between children with kwashiorkor and marasmus have been used in favour of this assumption (20).
Marasmus is the most common nutritional deficiency observed in American hospitalized patients.
The mean concentrations of cytokine (TNFa) were 41.3 pg/ml in kwashiorkor, 45.2 pg/ml in marasmic/kwashiorkor and 41.9 pg/ml in marasmus patients.
There was a 30.4% reduction in the total admissions between these periods, while incidences of kwashiorkor, measles, gastroenteritis and marasmus fell by 70%, 55%, 57.4% and 55.8% respectively.
Pooled data revealed that the proportion with marasmus and kwashiorkor was similar (38% and 40%, respectively), whereas only 22% were classified as marasmus-kwashiorkor (Table 1).
The direct effects are the occurrence of nutritional diseases, kwashiorkor, marasmus, vitamin, and mineral deficiency diseases.
He further concluded that diarrhoea could be an important predisposing factor leading to marasmus & kwashiorkor.
We need this information to be brought to the attention of these leaders, because each one of them heads a country where help is needed to curb infant and under-five mortality, maternal mortality, micronutrient deficiencies and in some cases kwashiorkor (protein deficiency) and marasmus (acute undernutrition), and in most cases stunting (slow growth).
Comment: This old study from the middle of the 20th century speaks of the infant wasting condition called marasmus. "Failure to thrive" would be a variant of this condition.
Children with severe acute malnutrition are more likely to suffer from marasmus than kwashiorkor if they are HIV-infected.
Risk factors for refeeding syndrome include alcoholism, anorexia nervosa, marasmus, overaggressive parenteral feed advancement, excessive dextrose infusion, and notably recent malnutrition status clinically indexed by recent history of weight loss or cachexia.
In the spectrum of PEM including kwashiorkor, marasmus and marasmic kwashiorkor, some investigators have associated aflatoxins specifically with the development of kwashiorkor alone [6-9].