manure

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manure

the dung of farm animals used as replenishment for the ground.

manure disposal
has become a major problem to animal farming in urban areas. Methods have been devised to avoid labor involvement by the use of pits under animal accommodation, or by discharging onto pasture or into evaporative lagoons by use of a slurry pushed through a hose. Housing animals on litter and rapid composting of the litter has advantages.
manure management
includes collection, storage, fly and odor control, environmental pollution, avoiding soiling of cow's hair and udder, bedding supply and distribution, maintaining good footage.
manure pit gas poisoning
large quantities of hydrogen sulfide gas are produced in pits and tanks in which animal manure is undergoing biological degradation. If the contents of the pit are stirred violently to facilitate emptying, the gas may be released into the atmosphere in a high concentration, and if the area is enclosed, poisoning of animals and humans can occur.
References in periodicals archive ?
additional research on barriers to adopting manure management strategies.
We selected manure management as a focus because this particular practice occurs on a narrow spatial and temporal scale, and necessitates a certain level of interaction with the surrounding community and use of road networks that connect their fields.
A shift towards solid manure management practices (such as solid scrape) may result in reduced GHG emissions by reducing the anaerobic digestion that occurs when water is used to flush manure into storage lagoons.
The ICEP values are lower than under scenarios with (ISSM-MR and IP-MR) than without (ISSM and IP) advanced animal manure management.
In the literature, improvement of nutritional strategy and manure management practices has been widely investigated in order to achieve a pig production with low carbon emission.
HR 848, the Farm Regulatory Certainty Act, would reaffirm and clarify Congress' intention regarding manure management under the Resources Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, also known as the Solid Waste Disposal Act.
Although such a nutrient loss may vary dependent on the traditional manure management, regional climate condition in each region, and livestock categories, quantifying and building up database of soil budget for nutrient may support the systematic management of nutrient and the environmental protection.
Other mitigation options are manure management, through export of manure to farms with P-deficient soils, manure storage to prevent land application in inappropriate period.
Earlier this year, a federal judge in eastern Washington ruled that an industrial dairy farm's manure management practices posed an ''imminent and substantial endangerment'' to the environment and to thousands relying on well water.
The comprehensive Nutrient Separation System was developed by McLanahan to improve the social and environmental sustainability of the dairy industry while reducing the cost and liability associated with manure management.
The 21 studies represented a wide variety of field sizes, crop and manure management conditions, manure types, and geographic locations across the United States.
The quantity of chemical fertilizers, fuel and other "production inputs" used, the differences in soil conditions and production systems and the extent to which best practices such as cover cropping, intensive grazing or manure management are implemented all affect the amount of greenhouse gas emissions a meat product is responsible for generating.