In their defense, the manufacturers
raised the "bare-metal defense," under which they said they should not be held liable for harms caused by later-added third-party parts.
The state had argued that the law is a merger of regulations that dealt separately with automobile manufacturers
and farm and tractor manufacturers
's insurer carries only low limits, insufficient to protect all parties;
Increasingly, these manufacturers
are outsourcing component work to reduce costs and streamline their supply chains.
As on average taxi drivers spend more than 3,000 hours a year in their cabs, the manufacturers
have introduced features to make their lives just that bit more comfortable including an ergonomic seat with lumbar support and armrest.
Established in 1938, the manufacturer
of Allmand portable light towers, compact tractor loader backhoes, Port-A-Lite light stands, trailer mounted arrow boards and message boards job-site heaters.
These regulations can affect plastics product manufacturers
, causing companies to eliminate or reduce the emissions from painting or finishing operations or even replace processes like hand-laid fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) composites, which produce significant styrene emissions.
met Tier 1 levels through relatively minor engine modifications, including changes in fuel rates, timing and compression.
Alternatively, and more likely, the foreign manufacturer
may have "minimum contacts" with Arkansas under a "specific" jurisdiction theory.
Rogelio Golfarb, president of Brazil's national association of auto manufacturers
, Anfavea, says that the technology drove sales of 1.7 million new vehicles in 2005.
Even Japanese high-tech electronics manufacturers
had to invest in overseas production facilities to stay competitive.
Rope makers could be sued because their ropes were used in kidnappings or strangling cases; car manufacturers
could be held liable for hit and run accidents; and hockey puck makers could be held liable for broken teeth and concussions.