manual muscle testing

man·u·al mus·cle test·ing

(MMT) (man'yū-ăl mŭs'ĕl test'ing)
Assessment modality for the strength of a muscle through manual evaluation. Rating is done by moving the involved part through its full-range of motion against gravity and then against gravity with resistance.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
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Non-ambulatory ERT-switch patients showed improvements in upper extremity strength from baseline to month 21, as measured by quantitative muscle testing and manual muscle testing. Pulmonary function improved in ERT-naive patients and was generally stable in ERT-switch patients.
Subjects with a RASS of -1, 0 or +1 and an ability to answer 3 of the 5 questions in the 5-point questionnaire [17] were considered to be awake and co-operative by the team, a pre-requisite for manual muscle testing. [18] The principal researcher measured peripheral muscle strength and endurance.
Manual muscle testing of the trunk in this way minimizes the issues of subjectivity associated with a "break test" for manual muscle testing and is considered satisfactory for clinical use (20) (Fig.
A high percentage of headaches can be corrected with treatment determined by manual muscle testing (MMT) examination.
Physical examination showed tenderness of all extremities, and manual muscle testing showed proximal weakness bilaterally; iliopsoas muscle of 2 (with 5 as the maximum); guadriceps of 3; and ankle dorsiflexor of 5.
Tendon thickness and tear were measured on a grey scale Toshiba Xerio (8-14 MHz), range of motion (ROM) was recorded on Goniometry, manual muscle strength on Oxford Scale for Manual Muscle Testing, quality of life by QOL-EQ-5D-3L and functional disability by disability of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH)10 (Table).
It describes the practice of occupational therapy and applications to assist clients to achieve movement-related goals in tasks, activities, and occupations, and includes gross range of motion and manual muscle testing. It discusses kinesiology and how it applies to occupational therapy, anatomical features that impact movement, factors influencing movement, and the essential functions and movement of the trunk and neck and lower and upper extremity.
For that matter and from a clinical point of view, the assessment of the influence of NP on muscle function is highly recommended and mainly achieved by means of standardized clinical examinations such as manual muscle testing, isometric and isokinetic dynamometry, Handgrip Strength (HGS), and by functional performance tools (e.g., timed chair stand test (CST) and indirectly by gait analysis and appraisal) [5, 7-9].
Manual muscle testing of the left quadriceps, extensor hallucis longus, tibialis anterior, flexor hallucis longus, and tibialis posterior was grade 3/5.
To assess muscle strength, manual muscle testing (MMT) was administered in nine muscle groups with a score ranging from 0 to 5 [11].
Motor level is the most caudal key muscle group that is graded 3/5 or greater with the segments cephalad graded normal (5/5) strength according to manual muscle testing. NLI is the most caudal level at which both motor and sensory modalities are intact4.

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