manual muscle test


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manual muscle test

A technique for estimating the relative strength of specific muscles.
See: tableSOURCE: Starkey, C, Brown, S, and Ryan, J: Examination of Orthopedic and Athletic Injuries, ed 3, FA Davis, Philadelphia, 2010.
VerbalNumericalClinical Finding
Normal5/5The patient can resist against maximal pressure; the examiner is unable to break the patient's resistance
Good4/5The patient can resist against moderate pressure
Fair3/5The patient can move the body part against gravity through the full range of motion
Poor2/5The patient can move the body part in a gravity-eliminated position through the full range of motion
Trace1/5The patient cannot produce movement, but a muscle contraction is palpable
Zero0/5No contraction is felt
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References in periodicals archive ?
Paired t-tests were used to compare SLR angles, DLL angles, and upper abdominal manual muscle test scores, and McNemar's test was used to compare the number of dancers demonstrating inflexibility of the hamstrings, iliotibial band, iliopsoas, and rectus femoris (rated as positive or negative, as described above).
In addition, manual muscle test scores were collected with and without stimulation on the same day for the five muscle groups that the lower-limb ASIA motor test comprises: hip flexors, knee extensors, ankle dorsiflexors, long toe extensors, and ankle plantar flexors.
The scientific literature was reviewed in order to support the selection of the fitness tools (body mass index, percent body fat, manual muscle test, and six minute walk test) used in this case, and to answer the background questions.
Relationship between two measures of upper extremity strength: Manual muscle test compared to hand-held myometry.
Strength post-spinal cord injury: Myometer vs manual muscle test. Spinal Cord.
HHDs that have been used for strength testing include, but are not limited to, Isobex (Curson AG, Bern, Switzerland), Chatillon[R] MSC Series dynamometer (AMETEK, Inc, Largo, Florida) (Figure 1), Lafayette Manual Muscle Test System[TM] (Figure 2) and Nicholas Manual Muscle Tester[TM] (Figure 3) (Lafayette Instrument Company, Lafayette, Indiana), and microFET2[TM] (Figure 4) (Hoggan Health Industries, Inc, West Jordan, Utah).
Before being tested, subjects with severe pain or joint swelling were treated to a level at which they could bear full weight, their ankle muscle strength was at least 4 according to the manual muscle test [19], and their ankle ROM was 80 percent of the normal range.
Visual images of the manual muscle tests for headache and neck dysfunctions are presented below.
Manual muscle tests results showed recovery to normal for all muscles, and the straight leg raise test was 60[degrees] without pain.
Therefore, the clinical examinations of monofilaments and voluntary manual muscle tests are able to reflect the general peripheral nerve function at a given point in time, but in comparison with electroneuromyography, clinical tests underestimate the extent of damage and detect injury too late.

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