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The hexahydric alcohol, widespread in plants, derived by reduction of d-fructose or of d-mannose; used in renal function testing to measure glomerular filtration, and intravenously as an osmotic diuretic.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
mannitolA hexahydric sugar alcohol, which is used clinically as an osmotic diuretic to reduce brain swelling and intracranial pressure and to manage oliguric renal failure. It is also used to prime heart-lung pumps, to increase hydration of the upper airways in patients with cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis, for acute glaucoma in veterinary medicine, and as a laxative.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.