Another change that can be found is that dynamic contemporary psychotherapy has been giving more relevance to the manifest content of dreams in its interpretations, no longer focusing exclusively on the latent content (Glucksman, 2001; Kramer & Glucksman, 2006).
The manifest contents of the dream are experienced by the dreamer as real and true in their immediate state, not as fantastical images or as symbolic facades that withhold meaning from consciousness in a devious manner to be unmasked by the analyst's personal and theoretical speculations.
Taking into consideration how the manifest content and latent content analyses inform one another places the data in Agger's (1989) work on critical theory of text.
The manifest content analysis revealed very few differences between how many and how male and female social work providers were portrayed in the texts.
(psychological causality) that can explain the manifest content rather
manifest content. The persistence of pejorative reactions to
But even the manifest content
of their dreams gave clear evidence of more complex attitudes.
The image, regarded as a multilayered phenomenon, directly expresses intention and meaning in a spontaneous and dramatic way that is not under the rational control of the individual.(20) Strictly rational interpretation of imagery and dream symbolism has itself come under criticism by new structuralist researchers, particularly insofar as such interpretations have tended to discredit the manifest contents
and failed to analyze the imagistic contents as expressive of a wider epistemological range of human awareness.
Apart from psychoanalysis, research has been conducted on the manifest content
of dreams (see Webb & Cartwright, 1978), and scales for measuring dream reports have been elaborated (Foulkes, 1971; Hauri, Sawyer, & Rechtschaffen, 1967).
John Fiske and John Hartley noted in Reading Television (1978) that generally content analysis "is not concerned with questions of quality, of response or of interpretation, but confines itself to the large scale, objective survey of manifest content
" (1978, 21).
In the decades following the demise of the Motion Picture Production Code's content restrictions, mainstream filmmakers nevertheless remained unable or unwilling to feature queer cowboys at the level of a work's manifest contents
, perhaps because they realized that doing so would involve providing controversial representations of a national icon that is so central to the U.S.