They were randomized into group I (topical 4% HQ) and group II (topical 4% HQ and 10% mandelic acid).
An Indian study also showed that 10% mandelic acid when used in combination therapy, improved MASI score.9 Treatment of melasma is aimed at the removal of pigment by number of ways e.g.
Urinary mandelic acid concentration after occupational exposure to styrene and its use as a biological exposure test.
Biological monitoring of occupational exposure to styrene: comparison between urinary mandelic acid concentration and styrene concentration in urine and blood.
StO, formed from styrene by cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, is primarily detoxified by microsomal epoxide hydrolase to phenylethylene glycol, which is further metabolized to yield mandelic acid
(MA) and phenylglyoxylic acid (PGA), the principal urinary metabolites.
Stila | CC Colour Correcting Cream, PS30 (www.stila.co.uk) MASKING TAKE WHILE most face masks rejuvenate by chemically exfoliating the skin, Environ Intensive Revival Masque uses a blend of Asiatic, lactic and mandelic acids
to lower the ph balance of skin instead, promoting renewal from the inside.
Kojic, L-ascorbic, azelaic and mandelic acids
all work at a deeper skin level to halt melanin production and impart a brightening effect.
Glycolic and mandelic acids
help improve the appearance of large pores, discoloration and post-acne scarring for a more refined, even complexion.