FLAIR and T2 sequences of the cranial MRI showed marked bilateral hyperintense signal alterations in the medial thalami, mammillary
bodies, and periaqueductal region (Fig.
Also, all areas shown to express AIP at high levels in zebrafish--the olfactory bulbs, telencephalon, optic tectum, cerebellum, hypothalamus (including mammillary
bodies), and brain stem--have been shown to express the NPY-R in homologous structures in rats (Kopp et al.
body tip to incisura line also progressively decreases from 3.4 mm (normal) to 2.26 mm (IH grade 1), 0 mm (IH grade 2), and -3.8 mm (IH grade 3).
Cluster p (FWE) Cluster Equivk Peak p (FWE) Peak T x (mm) 0.0002 198 0.0000 10.39 -9 0.0006 141 0.0005 8.76 10.5 0.0156 6.70 15 0.0017 97 0.0023 7.82 6 0.0097 33 0.0064 7.21 -37.5 Cluster p (FWE) y (mm) z (mm) Label 0.0002 -7.5 -19.5 Mammillary
region (b) 0.0006 -4.5 -16.5 Hypothalamus (a) 3 -13.5 Hypothalamus (a) 0.0017 16.5 7.5 Caudate nucleus right 0.0097 25.5 4.5 Left insula (c) Each cluster is represented with a letter.
body and cerebellar shrinkage in chronic alcoholics with and without amnesia.
body hamartoma in a patient with pseudotemporal lobe seizures," Acta Neurologica Belgica, vol.
Blue arrow: ventriculostomy, green arrow: clivus, and red arrows: bilateral mammillary
The role of the mammillary
bodies in memory: a case of amnesia following bilateral resection.
McKee noted neuropathological features of CTE include "generalized atrophy of the cerebral cortex, medial temporal lobe, diencephalon and mammillary
bodies with enlarged ventricles; cavum septum pellucidum, often with fenestrations; extensive p-tau-immunoreactive neurofibrillary tangles and astrocytic tangles in the frontal and temporal cortices, particularly around small cerebral vessels and at the depths of cerebral sulci; extensive p-tau- immunoreactive neurofibrillary tangles in limbic regions, diencephalon and brainstem nuclei; extensive degeneration of axons and white matter fibre bundles; TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) immunoreactive intraneuronal and intraglial inclusions and neurites in most cases and a relative absence of amyloid-[beta] peptide deposits." Id.
Consider the three-compartment mammillary
CPB (cardiopulmonary bypass) model used in pharmacokinetics and discussed in Subsection 4.3 of .
Participants were instructed via MTS training on five brain structures in the limbic system: amygdala, fornix, mammillary
bodies, hippocampus, and cingulate cortex.