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1. an enclosing structure, as a soluble container enclosing a dose of medicine.
2. a cartilaginous, fatty, fibrous, or membranous structure enveloping another structure, organ, or part. adj., adj cap´sular.
articular capsule the saclike envelope that encloses the cavity of a synovial joint by attaching to the circumference of the articular end of each involved bone. Called also joint capsule.
adipose renal capsule the investment of fat surrounding the fibrous renal capsule, continuous at the hilus with the fat in the renal sinus.
bacterial capsule a gelatinous envelope surrounding a bacterial cell, usually polysaccharide but sometimes polypeptide in nature; it is associated with the virulence of pathogenic bacteria.
Bowman's capsule the globular dilatation forming the beginning of a renal tubule and surrounding the glomerulus. Called also glomerular capsule and malpighian capsule.
c's of the brain two layers of white matter in the substance of the brain; external capsule and internal capsule.
external capsule the layer of white fibers between the putamen and claustrum.
fibrous renal capsule the connective tissue investment of the kidney, which continues through the hilus to line the renal sinus.
Glisson's capsule a sheath of connective tissue accompanying the hepatic ducts and vessels through the hepatic portal. In hepatitis it may become stretched, which is a common cause of pain.
glomerular capsule Bowman's capsule.
capsule of heart pericardium.
internal capsule the fanlike mass of white fibers separating the lentiform nucleus laterally from the head of the caudate nucleus, the dorsal thalamus, and the tail of the caudate nucleus medially. The internal capsule carries both afferent and efferent fibers of the cerebral cortex.
joint capsule articular capsule.
capsule of lens the elastic sac enclosing the lens of the eye.
malpighian capsule Bowman's capsule.
capsule of pancreas a thin sheath of areolar tissue that invests the pancreas (but does not form a definite capsule), the septa of which extend into the gland and divide it into lobules.
renal c's the investing tissue around the kidney, divided into the fibrous renal capsule and the adipose renal capsule.
Tenon's capsule the connective tissue enveloping the posterior eyeball.
1. Synonym(s): glomerular capsule
2. a thin, fibrous membrane enveloping the spleen and continuing over the vessels entering at the hilus.
1. See Bowman's capsule.
2. A thin fibrous membrane enveloping the spleen and continuing over the vessels entering at the hilus.
malpighian capsule(1) Bowman's capsule, see there; capsula glomerularis NH3.
(2) Fibrous capsule of spleen; tunica fibrosa splenis [NA6].
mal·pig·hi·an cap·sule(mal-pig'ē-ăn kap'sŭl)
A thin fibrous membrane enveloping the spleen and continued over the vessels entering at the hilus.
Malpighi,Marcello, Italian anatomist, histologist, and embryologist, 1628-1694.
malpighian bodies - small nodular masses of lymphoid tissue attached to the sides of the smaller arterial branches. Synonym(s): malpighian glands; malpighian nodules; splenic lymph follicles
malpighian capsule - Synonym(s): glomerular capsule
malpighian cell - a cell of the stratum spinosum of the epidermis.
malpighian corpuscles - Synonym(s): renal corpuscle
malpighian glands - Synonym(s): malpighian bodies
malpighian glomerulus - a tuft formed of capillary loops at the beginning of each nephric tubule in the kidney. Synonym(s): malpighian tuft
malpighian layer - Synonym(s): malpighian stratum
malpighian nodules - Synonym(s): malpighian bodies
malpighian pyramid - Synonym(s): renal pyramid
malpighian rete - Synonym(s): malpighian stratum
malpighian stigmas - the points of entrance of smaller veins into the larger veins of the spleen.
malpighian stratum - the living layer of epidermis comprising the stratum basale, stratum spinosum, and stratum granulosum. Synonym(s): malpighian layer; malpighian rete
malpighian tubules - in insects, slender tubular or hairlike excretory structures.
malpighian tuft - Synonym(s): malpighian glomerulus
malpighian vesicles - the minute air-filled vesicles on the surface of an expanded lung.