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Related to malonyl: malonic acid, malate


The divalent moiety derived from malonic acid.
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In the malonyl pathway 2 moles of ATP are required for the formation of 1 mole of butyrate from 2 moles of acetate, as compared with 1 mole of ATP for the synthesis of butyrate by the reversal of beta-oxidation (Leng, 1970a).
We have synthesized several stilbene diol monomers, of general structure 1, R = [([CH.sub.2]).sub.n] OH, which have been copolymerized with substituted malonyl chlorides to produce photoreactive low Tg co-polyesters with room temperature mesophases.
- The test reagent contained 33 [[micro]meter] acetyl Co-A and 100 [[micro]meter] malonyl Co-A, and the rate of synthesis was quantified by the stoichiometric oxidation of NADPH.
In the second volume typical chapters are Phenolic compounds in food and cancer prevention; Plant phenolic compounds as inhibitors of mutagenesis and carcinogenesis; Natural antioxidants from spices; Soybean (malonyl) isoflavones - characterization and antioxidant properties; Antioxidant defence systems generated by phenolic plant constituents; Phenolic antioxidants as inducers of anticarcinogenic enzymes; Custom design of better in vivo antioxidants structurally related to vitamin E; Molecular characterization of quercitin and quercitin glycosides in Allium vegetables - their effects on malignant cell transformation; and so on down a further long list of titles.
Tardella, "Short malonyl dehydro peptides as potential scaffolds for peptidomimetics by an efficient Knoevenagel reaction," Amino Acids, vol.
Various types of oxidative stress biomarkers have been investigated including glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, lipid peroxides, glutaredoxin, conjugated dienes, malonyl aldehyde and thiobarbituric acid.
[sup][7],[8] SIRT4 also has lipoamidase activity that modulates the biological functions of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex [sup][9] and for its deacetylase inhibiting malonyl CoA decarboxylase in lipogenesis.
The bis(2,4,6-trinitrophenethyl) malonate (TNPEM) was obtained via the esterification reaction of malonyl dichloride and TNPE with a yield of 65%.
One molecule of acetyl CoA can condense with five molecules of malonyl Co A, which in turn can be obtained by the action of acetyl CoA carboxylase with biotin as the cofactor (Equation 1), to give a hexa keto compound (Equation 2), which can then be cyclised to give different chromone intermediates (Equation 3) which is represented in Figure 3.
Malonyl dichloride (1.75 mL, 18 mmol, 1 equiv.) was added to a solution of terthiophene 12 (142 mg, 0.3 mmol, 2 equiv.) and pyridine (23.7 mg, 0.3 mmol, 2 equiv.) in dichloromethane (2.1 mL) at 0[degrees]C under nitrogen.