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- Nicotinic acid (niacin) to lower elevated cholesterol levels
- Vitamin B6 to relieve premenstrual syndrome
- Vitamin A to clear up skin problems
- Iron or other trace minerals not prescribed by a doctor.
Causes and symptoms
- night blindness
- irritability, anxiety, and attention deficits
- goiter (enlarged thyroid gland)
- loss of reflexes and lack of muscular coordination
- muscle twitches
- amenorrhea (cessation of menstrual periods)
- scaling and cracking of the lips and mouth.
- Comparing a patient's weight to standardized charts
- Calculating body mass index (BMI) according to a formula that divides height into weight
- Measuring skinfold thickness or the circumference of the upper arm.
- Are severely malnourished
- Require surgery
- Are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatments
- Have been seriously burned
- Have persistent diarrhea or vomiting
- Whose gastrointestinal tract is paralyzed.
- Consume plenty of fruits, grains, and vegetables
- Eat a variety of foods that are low in fats and cholesterols and contain only moderate amounts of salt, sugars, and sodium
- Engage in moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes, at least several times a week
- Achieve or maintain their ideal weight
- Use alcohol sparingly or avoid it altogether.
Ignorance of the basic principles of nutrition is probably almost as great a cause of undernourishment as poverty. Misplaced faith in vitamin pills as a substitute for food, for example, can cause undernourishment if carried to extremes. So can over-reliance on excessively processed foods. Modern methods of processing and refining foods can sometimes cause a loss of valuable nutrients, as happens in the refining of certain grains, such as rice. However, this danger is recognized by both the government and the manufacturers who try to retain or restore the nutritional value of many foods. alcoholism, which frequently leads a person to rely on alcohol at the expense of food, is another cause of malnutrition.
People who want to gain or lose weight, or who avoid certain foods, may endanger their health by following an unbalanced diet that lacks essential nutrients. Anyone who plans to follow a special diet should consult with a Registered Dietitian. Malnutrition can also stem from disease. If the organs of the digestive system that transform food into bone, tissue, blood, and energy fail to function properly, the body will not receive adequate nourishment. Such deficiencies can cause certain liver diseases, and some anemias. The endocrine glands and enzymes are also vital to the proper use of food by the body, and defects in their functioning may cause forms of malnutrition.
In starvation there are signs of multiple vitamin deficiency. There may be edema, abdominal distention, and excessive loss of weight. As starvation progresses, fat cells become small and accumulations of fat are depleted. The liver is reduced in size, the muscles shrivel, and the lymphoid tissue, gonads, and blood deteriorate.
malnutritionA state caused by prolonged nutritional defects—e.g., decreased proteins, minerals, vitamins or calories.
• Exogenous—poverty, alcohol, mental disorders (e.g., severe depression), infection (e.g., TB, malignancy, or nosocomial due to total parenteral nutrition).
• Endogenous—metabolic defects (congenital or acquired), malabsorption.
Weakness, apathy, anorexia, diarrhoea, skin pigmentation and/or ulceration.
Reduced folic acid, iron, magnesium, bile synthesis, disaccharidase activity, protein, vitamin B12.
See Kwashiorkor, Marasmus.
malnutritionThe result of prolonged nutritional defects–eg, ↓ proteins, minerals, vitamins, or calories Etiology–exogenous Poverty, alcohol, mental disorders–eg, severe depression, infection–eg, TB, malignancy, or nosocomial due to TPN Endogenous Metabolic defects–congenital or acquired, malabsorption Clinical Weakness, apathy, anorexia, diarrhea, skin pigmentation and/or ulceration Lab ↓ Folic acid, iron, magnesium, bile synthesis, disaccharidase activity, protein, vitamin B12. See Kwashiorkor, Marasmus.
malnutritionAny disorder resulting from an inadequate diet or from failure to absorb or assimilate dietary elements. The term is now often used to describe the effects of an ill-chosen, even if calorifically adequate, diet or of excessive food intake. See also SPRUE, MALABSORPTION, COELIAC DISEASE, CROHN'S DISEASE, ANOREXIA NERVOSA, VITAMIN DEFICIENCY, BERI-BERI, PELLAGRA, SCURVY, XEROPHTHALMIA, RICKETS and KWASHIORKOR.
Patient discussion about malnutrition
Q. How do I now if my nutrition is correct? I guess it's not... and Id like to fix it but dont really know what should I change...
Eat a healthy diet with a lot of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains and a limited amount of red meat. Get at least five servings of fruits and vegetables every day. More is even better. Tips for achieving this goal include: Make fruits and vegetables part of every meal. Frozen or canned can be used when fresh isn't convenient. Put fruit on your cereal. Eat vegetables as snacks. Have a bowl of fruit out all the time for kids to take snacks from.
Cut down on bad fats (trans fatty acids and saturated fats) and consume good fats (polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat like olive oil and canola oil). Tips for achieving this goal include: Choose chicken, fish, or beans instead of red meat and ch
Q. Will it be good and what is its nutritional value? I wish to take oats as my breakfast with milk or juice. Will it be good and what is its nutritional value?
Q. What is the nutritional value of oats? I am having oats for my morning breakfast from last week, as I know it is good to have them. But what is the nutritional value of oats?
here's a link to a nutritional value list of oats:
and here's a link to some recipes!:
bread - http://momsrecipesandmore.blogspot.com/2008/12/toasted-oatmeal-bread.html
Biscuits - http://www.vegan-food.net/recipe/927/Oatmeal-Raisin-Cookies/