malignant hypertension


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Related to malignant hypertension: essential hypertension, benign hypertension

ma·lig·nant hy·per·ten·sion

severe hypertension that runs a rapid course, causing necrosis of arteriolar walls in kidney, retina, etc.; hemorrhages occur, and death most frequently is caused by uremia or rupture of a cerebral vessel.

malignant hypertension

A condition characterised by severe hypertension, retinopathy, renal insufficiency, fibrinoid necrosis of renal arterioles, and rapidly progressive and fatal disease.

Clinical findings
Headache, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, lethargy.

Risk groups
Males, African Americans, hypertensive patients.
 
Complications
Stroke, MI, blindness, renal failure.

malignant hypertension

Accelerated HTN, arteriolar nephrosclerosis Cardiology A condition characterized by severe HTN, retinopathy, renal insufficiency, fibrinoid necrosis of renal arterioles, rapidly progressive and fatal disease Risk groups ♂, African Americans, hypertensives Clinical Headache, blurred vision, N&V, lethargy Complications Stroke, MI, blindness, renal failure. See Hypertension.

ma·lig·nant hy·per·ten·sion

(mă-lig'nănt hī'pĕr-ten'shŭn)
Severe hypertension that runs a rapid course, causing necrosis of arteriolar walls in kidney and retina, hemorrhages, and death most frequently due to uremia or rupture of a cerebral vessel.

malignant hypertension

A severe and dangerous form of high blood pressure that follows a rapid course with progressive damage to blood vessels and to the eyes and the kidneys. There is a major danger of STROKE. Unless effectively treated the condition is often fatal.

ma·lig·nant hy·per·ten·sion

(mă-lig'nănt hī'pĕr-ten'shŭn)
Severe hypertension that runs a rapid course, causing necrosis of arteriolar walls.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mechanism of haemoptysis in malignant hypertension is unclear.
* In this study, 24% cases of ICSOL in systemic causes followed by 12% cases of meningitis followed by 10% cases of malignant hypertension followed by 8% cases of drug history followed by 6% cases of malaria followed by 2% cases of each diabetes, pseudotumor cerebri, anaemia, encephalopathy and head injury.
Patients with aHUS and pregnancy-associated TMA had lower platelet count than that in malignant hypertension group.
If it starts to get in the 180's to 200's, we call it malignant hypertension. It needs to be reduced and prevented, but would you be willing to prescribe toxic drug medications in order to manage that problem?
Retinal hemorrhage in children is occasionally associated with nontraumatic causes such as leukemia or malignant hypertension, but the injury patterns are different than those seen with abuse.
In March 2003, a patient aged 69 years with a history of diabetic nephropathy and hypertension was admitted to a Houston-area hospital with malignant hypertension and acute renal failure.
High pressures with headache indicate risk of seizure or stroke from malignant hypertension. Finally he was seen by a physician, who did no evaluation for underlying causes but did start treatment to reduce blood pressure.
Neurological manifestations of malignant hypertension. Br Med J 1956;2:1319-26.
A minority present with a hypertensive emergency (such as heart failure, renal failure or malignant hypertension).
TARGET ORGAN DAMAGE: Neurological target organ damage included acute intracerebral hemorrhage 15 patients (30%), subarachnoid hemorrhage in 2 patients (4%), acute ischemic stroke 6 patients (12%), hypertensive encephalopathy in 1 patient (2%), cardiac target organ damage were acute left ventricular failure 14 patients (28%), acute myocardial infarction in 2 patients (6%), unstable angina in 7 patients (14%), and malignant hypertension in 3 patient (6%).
Risk factors include malignant hypertension, eclampsia, medications such as immunosuppressants (including tacrolimus and cyclosporine), chemotherapy, biotherapy, and renal failure1.
Malignant hypertension is rare and occurs when the systolic blood pressure is over 200mmHg or the diastolic blood pressure is greater than 140mmHg, As essential hypertension is an asymptomatic condition, many patients remain undiagnosed to this silent killer.

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