At stake is the relation between critique and potentiality: while topological security turns critique into a stabilizing force, atmospheric security refuses the demands for socio-ecological difference to make itself legible as either proper adaptation or improper maladaptation. An atmospherics of security orients politics and ethics around both the durative and anticipatory temporal registers of potentiality.
This atmospheric security operates through a negative critique that affirms contemporaneous multiplicity and refuses to force the outside to become either the something of transformative solutions to climate change or the nothing of maladaptation. Elere, the task of critique is to construct 'spheres' (Sloterdijk, 2011) or 'embagments' (Povinelli, 2011b), interstitial spaces between worlds that enable alternative social projects to persist as viable forms of life.
Most of the literature agrees that FO, NFO and OTS must be viewed on a continuum with a disturbance, an adaptation and finally a maladaptation
of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA), resulting in an altered hormonal response to intense training and competition.
In this way, group biases are one source of those maladaptations
to the pure cycle that give rise to the cycle of booms and slumps.
(6) The positive transaction costs of principal interest thus take the form of maladaptation, which costs vary with the attributes of transactions--yet would vanish but for bounds on rationality and contingent opportunism (which give rise to incomplete contracts and defection, respectively).
(4) TCE takes economizing on transactions costs, mainly with respect to maladaptation, to be the main case.
In this condition of continuous proinflammatory signalling, the feedback systems, which usually downregulate inflammation, adjust overtime and result in maladaptations such as chronic but low grade upregulation of proinflammatory mediators (e.g., IL-6, TNF-[alpha], IL-[beta]3, andprostaglandin [E.sub.2]) .
Furthermore, in the same study, the severity of this maladaptation increased with duration of habitual smoking (in years) and was exacerbated by natural decreases in antioxidant capacity as experienced with ageing, resulting in increased oxidative stress, illustrating the significance of cumulative damage.
Of particular interest in the context of ageing is the fact that, apart from the now notorious low grade inflammation as primary culprit, this maladaptation results in a compromised capacity to mount an efficient inflammatory response to acute insults.
In recent years, practitioners and policy makers have become increasingly concerned with existing nonliberal 'maladaptations
' to social and environmental vulnerabilities, as well as the possibility that disasters may trigger adaptations that destabilize the current order of things (Chandler, 2012; Duffield, 2010).