I identify subnational recalcitrance (inaction by states) and backlash (reversing course) as two potential types of maladaptation
, provide examples of each, and use these to illustrate the structural features of subnational governments that make maladaptation
DOUGLAS GRANT, COPING: MALADAPTATION
IN PRISONS 63 (1989) (finding that hospitalized offenders are four times more likely than nonpatients to commit infractions suggesting unusual emotional states, such as throwing feces and setting fire to one's cell).
Supporters of intrauterine maladaptation
as a cause of congenital brachial plexus palsy point to the poor correlation between predisposing factors and obstetrical brachial plexus palsy, involvement of the posterior shoulder, the occurrence of other congenital peripheral nerve injuries not related to traction (such as congenital facial and peroneal nerve palsy), and the absence of applied traction during vaginal delivery or cesarean section extraction in a significant number of neonates classified as having obstetrical brachial plexus palsy.
Pathways of ego development: Contributions to maladaptation
Efficacy of bright light and sleep/darkness scheduling in alleviating circadian maladaptation
to night work.
Among those factors were migration patterns, country of origin, values that reinforce substance use, acculturation gaps, maladaptation
, and lack of social capital.
Tissue contents are reduced in pure IUGR and PE+IUGR and CV values tend to be greater suggesting that there is maladaptation
of villi to IUGR.
Increasing flexibility in institutions carries a proportionally higher risk of maladaptation
(Handmer and Dovers 1996).
Further, if the family is oriented toward mastery, viewing itself as able to overcome any challenge, the stress of an event is less likely to lead to maladaptation
Aggression in childhood and long-term unemployment in adulthood: A cycle of maladaptation
and some protective factors.
A therapeutic paradigm that prioritizes addiction as the primary explanation for social maladaptation
would be confronted with the lived experience of community residents: individuals who, like the drug addicts, are struggling to access community or governmental resources.
These theories, which have been developed largely during the past 2 decades, involve abnormalities such as impaired trophoblast differentiation and invasion, placental and endothelial dysfunction, immune maladaptation
to paternal antigens, an exaggerated systemic inflammatory response, and a state of imbalance between proangiogenic and antiaugiogenic factors.