malabsorption


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Related to malabsorption: malabsorption syndrome

malabsorption

 [mal″ab-sorp´shun]
impaired intestinal absorption of nutrients.
malabsorption syndrome a group of disorders marked by subnormal intestinal absorption of dietary constituents, and thus excessive loss of nutrients in the stool; it may be due to a digestive defect, a mucosal abnormality, or lymphatic obstruction.

mal·ab·sorp·tion

(mal'ab-sōrp'shŭn),
Imperfect, inadequate, or otherwise disordered gastrointestinal absorption.

malabsorption

(măl′əb-zôrp′shən, -sôrp′-)
n.
Defective or inadequate absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract.

malabsorption

The suboptimal absorption of nutrients from the GI tract.

Clinical findings
Bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhoea.
 
Aetiology
Cystic fibrosis (number one cause in US), abetalipoproteinaemia, acrodermatitis enteropathica, biliary atresia, bovine lactalbumin (cow's milk protein) intolerance, coeliac disease (gluten-induced enteropathy), sprue, juvenile pernicious anaemia, lactose intolerance, parasites (Diphyllobothrium latum, Giardia lamblia, Necator americanus, Strongyloides stercoralis), soy milk protein intolerance, vitamin B12 malabsorption.

malabsorption

GI disease A group of Sx–eg, gas, bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea due to the inability to properly absorb nutrients Etiology Cystic fibrosis–number one cause in US, abetalipoproteinemia, acrodermatitis enteropathica, biliary atresia, bovine lactalbumin intolerance–cow's milk protein, celiac disease–gluten-induced-enteropathy, sprue, juvenile pernicious anemia, lactose intolerance, parasites–Diphyllobothrium latum, Giardia lamblia, Necator americanus, Strongyloides stercoralis, soy milk protein intolerance, vitamin B12 malabsorption

mal·ab·sorp·tion

(mal'ab-sōrp'shŭn)
Imperfect, inadequate, or otherwise disordered gastrointestinal absorption.

malabsorption

One of a number of disorders in which there is a failure of movement of some of the elements of the diet from the small intestine into the bloodstream so that MALNUTRITION may occur in spite of an adequate diet. See LACTASE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME, COELIAC DISEASE, STEATORRHOEA, RICKETS and OSTEOMALACIA.

Malabsorption

Defective or inadequate absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract.

mal·ab·sorp·tion

(mal'ab-sōrp'shŭn)
Imperfect or disordered gastrointestinal absorption.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a serum chemistry panel, the albumin level may point to malabsorption or malnutrition.
These symptoms, which occur in conjunction with the intake of sweets and fruit, are related to fructose malabsorption or hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI).
Following are diagnostic studies that are used to identify individuals with lactose malabsorption (Ignatavicius & Workman, 2006; Leeuwen et al., 2006; NDDIC, 2006).
These findings "represent the first high-level evidence" that poorly absorbed short-chain carbohydrates--fructose and fructans--are dietary triggers for the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in patients who also have fructose malabsorption.
Failure to respond to oral iron therapy is usually due to poor compliance but may also occur if there is ongoing loss (bleeding) exceeding the amount of iron absorbed daily, malabsorption of iron caused by non-bleeding GIT conditions, or inflammatory states associated with increased hepcidin levels.
A significant correlation between the degree of immune suppression and malabsorption has been reported by Keating et al (12).
Topics covered will include: optimizing health outcomes; pre-op, peri-op, and post-op standards of practice; pre-surgical work-up and consultation; OR supplies and instrumentation; special equipment for the safety and comfort of morbidly obese patients; diet and counseling; malabsorption and malnutrition; lifestyle modification and psychological support ; exercise, physical therapy, and occupational therapy; anticipating and managing surgical complications; wound care and infections; \ethical issues and cultural sensitivities; standardization and management of data collection; insurance reimbursement issues; reconstructive surgery; and, occupational hazards for bariatric surgical healthcare professionals.
In addition, patients are often required to take a varietyof supplements and medications to combat 'predictive malabsorption,' a serious sideeffect that stops the body from digesting crucial nutrients.
Patients at increased risk for vitamin D insufficiency (e.g., those who are nursing-home bound, chronically ill, over the age of 70 years) and with gastrointestinal malabsorption syndromes should receive vitamin D supplementation in addition to that provided in FOSAMAX PLUS D.
Disorders with this breath may lead to indigestion, diarrhea, constipation, or malabsorption.
Symptoms associated with soy allergy include typical IgE-mediated features as well as non-IgE-mediated--gastrointestinal symptoms such as hematochezia and malabsorption. Both skin prick tests and food-specific IgE are used to detect the presence of IgE; however, both modalities have poor specificity and positive predictive values (Giampietro et al.
And certain medical conditions--early menopause, eating disorders, hormone deficiency, malabsorption, or chronic liver or kidney disease--will increase risk if not treated or managed appropriately.