major depressive episode


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Related to major depressive episode: Major Depressive Disorder

episode

 [ep´ĭ-sōd]
a single noteworthy happening in the course of a longer series of events, such as one critical period of several during a prolonged illness.
hypomanic episode a period of elevated, expansive, or irritable mood similar to a manic episode but not as severe; see also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
major depressive episode a period of daily and day-long depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in virtually all activities. Also present is some combination of altered appetite, weight, or sleep patterns, psychomotor agitation or retardation, difficulty thinking or concentrating, lack of energy and fatigue, feelings of worthlessness, self-reproach, or inappropriate guilt, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, and plans or attempts to commit suicide. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
manic episode a period of predominantly elevated, expansive, or irritable mood accompanied by some of the following symptoms: inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, talkativeness, flight of ideas, distractibility, hyperactivity, hypersexuality, and recklessness. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
mixed episode a period during which the criteria are met both for a major depressive episode and for a manic episode nearly every day, with rapidly alternating moods and with symptoms characteristic of each type of episode. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.

major depressive episode

A condition defined as a period of at least two weeks, during which there is either depressed mood or the loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities and in which the patient experiences at least four additional symptoms, including: changes in appetitite or weight, sleep, and psychomotor activity; decreased energy; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions; or recurrent thoughts of death, or suicidal ideation, plans or attempts.

major depressive episode

Psychiatry A condition defined as '…a period of at least 2 wks, during which there is either depressed mood or the loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities…(and) …experience at least 4 additional symptoms (including) … changes in appetitite or weight, sleep, and psychomotor activity; decreased energy; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions; or recurrent thoughts of death, or suicidal ideation, plans, or attempts.'. See Major depression.
References in periodicals archive ?
Does incomplete recovery from first lifetime major depressive episode herald a chronic course of illness?
In older adults, often it is difficult to determine whether cognitive symptoms (disorientation, apathy, difficulty concentrating, memory loss) are better accounted for by dementia or by a major depressive episode. A thorough medical evaluation and an evaluation of the onset of the disturbance, temporal sequencing or depressive and cognitive symptoms, course of illness, and treatment response are helpful in making this determination (APA, 2000a).
In a hypothetical case study, Jonathan, a 13-year-old student, presents to a psychiatrist with symptoms of irritability, sadness, diminished interest in activities, fatigue, loss of energy, and feelings of worthlessness, which are suggestive of a major depressive episode (Figure 1).
A total of 2,654 women from 137 obstetric practices were interviewed prior to 17 weeks of pregnancy and classified as positive or negative for major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 5 years, antidepressant treatment, or PTSD symptoms.
* "Type of Professional Seen Among Adults Aged 18 or Older With a Major Depressive Episode Who Received Treatment in the Past Year: 2012" (SAMHSA Fig.
An earlier court appearance heard Gilliard had suffered a "major depressive EPISODE, which had caused a loss of control".
First, the prevention of an initial episode of depression among children at risk prevents the personal, social and societal effects of a Major Depressive Episode. Second, data show clearly that once a first episode of depression has occurred, the risk of a second episode is greatly increased, so the prevention (or at least delay) of an initial episode may forestall the development of a chronic relapsing condition.
The APA said the change is intended to reflect the recognition that bereavement is a significant psychological stressor that can precipitate a major depressive episode after the death of a loved one.
If these factors were wholly to blame for depression--as dictated by the shared vulnerability hypothesis--then we would expect that formerheavy smokers and current smokers would have an equal likelihood of having a major depressive episode (MDE), she reasoned.
San DlEGO--The risk of a major depressive episode more than doubles for women during and after the menopausal transition, compared with when they were premenopausal, results from a 9-year follow-up study showed.
A new state-by-state ranking of depression found that Utah leads the nation for the condition, with 10.14 percent of adults reporting a major depressive episode in the past year, and 14.58 percent experiencing serious psychological distress.
The solution was then subjected to a promax rotation with Kaiser normalization, in order to identify the correlated factors that building the construct of a major depressive episode. STATA 9.0 was used for all statistical tests (29).

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