major depressive episode


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Related to major depressive episode: Major Depressive Disorder

episode

 [ep´ĭ-sōd]
a single noteworthy happening in the course of a longer series of events, such as one critical period of several during a prolonged illness.
hypomanic episode a period of elevated, expansive, or irritable mood similar to a manic episode but not as severe; see also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
major depressive episode a period of daily and day-long depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in virtually all activities. Also present is some combination of altered appetite, weight, or sleep patterns, psychomotor agitation or retardation, difficulty thinking or concentrating, lack of energy and fatigue, feelings of worthlessness, self-reproach, or inappropriate guilt, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, and plans or attempts to commit suicide. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
manic episode a period of predominantly elevated, expansive, or irritable mood accompanied by some of the following symptoms: inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, talkativeness, flight of ideas, distractibility, hyperactivity, hypersexuality, and recklessness. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
mixed episode a period during which the criteria are met both for a major depressive episode and for a manic episode nearly every day, with rapidly alternating moods and with symptoms characteristic of each type of episode. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.

major depressive episode

A condition defined as a period of at least two weeks, during which there is either depressed mood or the loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities and in which the patient experiences at least four additional symptoms, including: changes in appetitite or weight, sleep, and psychomotor activity; decreased energy; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions; or recurrent thoughts of death, or suicidal ideation, plans or attempts.

major depressive episode

Psychiatry A condition defined as '…a period of at least 2 wks, during which there is either depressed mood or the loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities…(and) …experience at least 4 additional symptoms (including) … changes in appetitite or weight, sleep, and psychomotor activity; decreased energy; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions; or recurrent thoughts of death, or suicidal ideation, plans, or attempts.'. See Major depression.
References in periodicals archive ?
Does incomplete recovery from first lifetime major depressive episode herald a chronic course of illness?
In the fully adjusted multivariate analyses, women remained significantly more likely to have a major depressive episode when they were postmenopausal (OR, 3.
Treatment of bereavement-related major depressive episodes in later life: A controlled study of acute and continuation treatment with nortriptyline and interpersonal psychotherapy.
A growing body of evidence suggests the role of inflammation in generating the symptoms of a major depressive episode such as low mood, loss of appetite, and inability to sleep.
Our study supports the idea that it may be its own disease with more of the anxiety and obsessive-compulsive symptoms than would be typical for a major depressive episode," she added.
PARIS, January 24 /PRNewswire/ -- The European Commission has granted marketing authorisation for Servier's Valdoxan(R) /Thymanax(R) (agomelatine), the first melatonergic antidepressant for the treatment of adult patients with major depressive episodes.
The distinction between major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder remains a challenging clinical problem when individuals present with a major depressive episode," the authors wrote.
Interviews with psychiatrists showed that 19 of the women were having a major depressive episode at the time of the study so they were excluded.
Under the shared-vulnerability hypothesis, ever-heavy smokers may be ex-pected to have similar elevated risk for major depressive episode irrespective of their smoking status during follow-up," wrote Salma Khaled, Ph.
During the study, the researchers recruited 272 participants, who underwent a structured clinical interview to determine if they had a current major depressive episode.
SAN DIEGO -- The risk of a major depressive episode more than doubles for women during and after the menopausal transition, compared with when they were premenopausal, results from a 9-year follow-up study showed.
3 million Canadians every year, and over the course of their lifetime between 8% and 9% of Canadians will experience a major depressive episode.

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