major depressive episode


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Related to major depressive episode: Major Depressive Disorder

episode

 [ep´ĭ-sōd]
a single noteworthy happening in the course of a longer series of events, such as one critical period of several during a prolonged illness.
hypomanic episode a period of elevated, expansive, or irritable mood similar to a manic episode but not as severe; see also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
major depressive episode a period of daily and day-long depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in virtually all activities. Also present is some combination of altered appetite, weight, or sleep patterns, psychomotor agitation or retardation, difficulty thinking or concentrating, lack of energy and fatigue, feelings of worthlessness, self-reproach, or inappropriate guilt, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, and plans or attempts to commit suicide. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
manic episode a period of predominantly elevated, expansive, or irritable mood accompanied by some of the following symptoms: inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, talkativeness, flight of ideas, distractibility, hyperactivity, hypersexuality, and recklessness. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
mixed episode a period during which the criteria are met both for a major depressive episode and for a manic episode nearly every day, with rapidly alternating moods and with symptoms characteristic of each type of episode. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.

major depressive episode

A condition defined as a period of at least two weeks, during which there is either depressed mood or the loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities and in which the patient experiences at least four additional symptoms, including: changes in appetitite or weight, sleep, and psychomotor activity; decreased energy; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions; or recurrent thoughts of death, or suicidal ideation, plans or attempts.

major depressive episode

Psychiatry A condition defined as '…a period of at least 2 wks, during which there is either depressed mood or the loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities…(and) …experience at least 4 additional symptoms (including) … changes in appetitite or weight, sleep, and psychomotor activity; decreased energy; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions; or recurrent thoughts of death, or suicidal ideation, plans, or attempts.'. See Major depression.
References in periodicals archive ?
Treatment consists of an acute phase (during which remission of all symptoms is induced); a continuation phase, during which remission is preserved; and a maintenance phase during which susceptible patients are protected against the recurrence of subsequent major depressive episodes.
This conceptualization of complicated grief supports the need for a distinction between bereavement and a major depressive episode by demonstrating that, when grief becomes intense, it is still unique enough to warrant a differential diagnosis.
In the fully adjusted multivariate analyses, women remained significantly more likely to have a major depressive episode when they were postmenopausal (OR, 3.
When a major depressive episode occurs for the first time, the individual will be diagnosed with major depressive disorder with single episode; if the depressive episode occurs more than once, it will be identified as major depressive disorder with recurrent episode.
19) In the multicenter study from France (EPIDEP), 250 patients diagnosed with major depressive episode were reevaluated for "soft" bipolar disorders.
They were then followed for 12 years, and their risk of major depressive episode was assessed when they were between 22 and 36 years old.
And since antidepressant use is more acceptable in older than younger adolescents, delay of the initial episode of depression will have the result that a wider range of alternative treatments are available if and when a Major Depressive Episode occurs.
The APA said the change is intended to reflect the recognition that bereavement is a significant psychological stressor that can precipitate a major depressive episode after the death of a loved one.
Under the shared-vulnerability hypothesis, ever-heavy smokers may be expected to have similar elevated risk for major depressive episode irrespective of their smoking stares during follow-up," wrote Salma Khaled, Ph.
14 percent of adults reporting a major depressive episode in the past year, and 14.
After the participants completed the CES-D, a psychiatrist interviewed them to detect a current major depressive episode (MDE) using the Structured Clinical Interview for a DSM-IV diagnosis.
Adding an antidepressant (bupropion [Wellbutrin] or paroxetine [Paxil]) did not increase the likelihood of remission in bipolar patients with a major depressive episode.

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