There is only random discussion of air pollution, for example, an element covering perhaps two of the five mahabhutas
and a tremendous issue in urban areas; and plant sentience (covering plant life and plant consciousness), as discussed in liturgical, epic, and medical texts, receives little formal attention.
The five mahabhutas
, or elements of earth, water, fire, air, and ether, are each associated with one of the sense organs: eye with fire, ear with ether, nose with earth, tongue with water, and skin with air.
There is a problem, as Larson points out, that vata, pitta, and kapha should all be derived from tamas since they emerge from the mahabhutas