magnesium oxide


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magnesium

 (Mg) [mag-ne´ze-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 12, atomic weight 24.312. (See Appendix 6.) Its salts are essential in nutrition, being required for the activity of many enzymes, especially those concerned with oxidative phosphorylation. It is found in the intra- and extracellular fluids and is excreted in urine and feces. The normal serum level is approximately 2 mEq/L. Magnesium deficiency causes irritability of the nervous system with tetany, vasodilation, convulsions, tremors, depression, and psychotic behavior.
Homeostasis of magnesium in extracellular fluids. The normal serum magnesium level is regulated by intestinal and renal function. Most of the body's magnesium is stored in bones, muscle, and soft tissue. From Malarkey and McMorrow, 2000.
magnesium carbonate an antacid.
magnesium chloride an electrolyte replenisher and a pharmaceutic necessity for hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis fluids.
magnesium citrate a saline laxative used for bowel evacuation before diagnostic procedures or surgery of the colon; administered orally.
magnesium hydroxide an antacid and cathartic.
magnesium oxide an antacid and a sorbent in pharmaceutical preparations; called also magnesia.
magnesium salicylate see salicylate.
magnesium silicate MgSiO3, a silicate salt of magnesium; the most common hydrated forms found in nature are asbestos and talc.
magnesium sulfate Epsom salt; an anticonvulsant and electrolyte replenisher, also used as a laxative and local antiinflammatory.
magnesium trisilicate a combination of magnesium oxide and silicon dioxide with varying proportions of water; used as a gastric antacid.

mag·ne·si·um ox·ide

an antacid and laxative.

mag·ne·si·um ox·ide

(mag-nēzē-ŭm oksīd)
An antacid and laxative.

magnesium oxide

An antacid drug. Brand name of preparations containing magnesium oxide and DIMETHICONE (dimeticone) are Asilone and Kolanticon.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mineral Products: Calcium carbonate granulations, magnesium oxide, calcium citrate
Along with their promising optical behavior, these magnesium oxide nanocrystals will be a subject of study in an entirely different field of research: Berkeley Labs' Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2, designed to "establish the scientific foundations for the geological storage of carbon dioxide.
Because magnesium is more strongly attracted to oxygen than to silicon, magnesium atoms elbow out the silicon, forming magnesium oxide.
Aluminum--Aluminum alloys experience oxide inclusions because both aluminum and magnesium react with oxygen in the atmosphere to form aluminum oxide and magnesium oxide, respectively.
routinely met to control the price of magnesium oxide.
We succeeded in producing magnesium oxide nanoparticles required for a national research project.
Raw materials, fillers and petroleum products for the chemical process industries are featured in the company's six-page folder, including aluminum silicates, alumina trihydrate, aromatic oils, barium sulfate, blowing agents, calcium carbonate, kaolin clays, fatty acids, iron oxides, magnesium carbonates, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium oxide, microcrystalline wax, mold release agents, naphthenic oils, paraffinic oils, paraffin wax, petrolatums, plasticizers, rubber accelerators, slab dips, solvents, stearates, sulfur, white mineral oils, zinc borate, zinc dust and zinc oxide.
The iridium clusters were attached to either aluminum oxide or magnesium oxide particles.
What's described as a "next-generation" magnesium oxide thickener for SMC, TMC, and BMC has been introduced by Plasticolors Inc.
Aluminium Oxide, Antimony Tin Oxide, Bismuth Oxide, Cerium Oxide, Copper Oxide, Iron Oxide, Magnesium Oxide, Silicon Oxide, Titanium Dioxide, Yttrium oxide, Zirconia, Zinc Oxide
The Zetpol ZEL additive systems, Z-75D and ZEL-80, are comprised of magnesium oxide.
By replacing a 100-nanometer-thick layer of cubic zirconia with a magnesium oxide layer only one-tenth as thick, the Los Alamos team has made the processing step 100 times faster.