magnesium hydroxide


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magnesium

 (Mg) [mag-ne´ze-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 12, atomic weight 24.312. (See Appendix 6.) Its salts are essential in nutrition, being required for the activity of many enzymes, especially those concerned with oxidative phosphorylation. It is found in the intra- and extracellular fluids and is excreted in urine and feces. The normal serum level is approximately 2 mEq/L. Magnesium deficiency causes irritability of the nervous system with tetany, vasodilation, convulsions, tremors, depression, and psychotic behavior.
Homeostasis of magnesium in extracellular fluids. The normal serum magnesium level is regulated by intestinal and renal function. Most of the body's magnesium is stored in bones, muscle, and soft tissue. From Malarkey and McMorrow, 2000.
magnesium carbonate an antacid.
magnesium chloride an electrolyte replenisher and a pharmaceutic necessity for hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis fluids.
magnesium citrate a saline laxative used for bowel evacuation before diagnostic procedures or surgery of the colon; administered orally.
magnesium hydroxide an antacid and cathartic.
magnesium oxide an antacid and a sorbent in pharmaceutical preparations; called also magnesia.
magnesium salicylate see salicylate.
magnesium silicate MgSiO3, a silicate salt of magnesium; the most common hydrated forms found in nature are asbestos and talc.
magnesium sulfate Epsom salt; an anticonvulsant and electrolyte replenisher, also used as a laxative and local antiinflammatory.
magnesium trisilicate a combination of magnesium oxide and silicon dioxide with varying proportions of water; used as a gastric antacid.

magnesium hydroxide

n.
A white powder, Mg(OH)2, used as an antacid and laxative.

magnesium hydroxide

An antacid and laxative drug. The drug is on the WHO official list. Brand names of preparations containing it are Diovol, Maalox, Mucaine and Mucogel.
References in periodicals archive ?
While China will bolster the magnesium hydroxide market in Asia Pacific excluding Japan (APEJ), demand is expected to remain moderate in North America and Europe.
Depending on sewer size and depth of flow, various methods must be employed to deliver the magnesium hydroxide to the unsubmerged portions of the pipe.
The hub for the manufacturers of Nano Magnesium Hydroxide is located in China and United States of America, accounting for 80% of the global capacity.
Magnesium hydroxide has become recognised as a safe, cost-effective, alternative alkali for the neutralisation of acids.
Magnesium hydroxide fillers reportedly improve smoke suppression in PVC, EVA and PE.
Magnesium hydroxide is available in inexpensive over-the-counter preparations such as milk of magnesia.
Chesson, who emphasized again that this was a very small dose of magnesium hydroxide.
HEM has been a trusted supplier of non-halogen flame retardants and smoke suppressants for more than 30 years and produces value-added alumina trihydrate (ATH), magnesium hydroxide (MDH) and molybdate-based products and provides technical expertise for a variety of end-use applications, including fiber reinforced plastics, roofing, silicone rubber, wire and cable and carpet backing.
Vertex 100 SV is a surface-treated magnesium hydroxide specifically designed to boost flame retardant properties of ethylene vinyl acetate copolymers (EVA).
This issue sees a number of new products and services including the Dalistick, a new solvent disposal method and an article from Gerry Spoors that suggest using magnesium hydroxide to treat acid effluents has some advantages.
Martinal aluminum hydroxide flame retardants for polymers with processing temperatures to 392 F; and Magnifin magnesium hydroxide flame retardants for thermoplastics and elastomers requiring higher process temperatures up to 644 F.