magnesium carbonate

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


 (Mg) [mag-ne´ze-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 12, atomic weight 24.312. (See Appendix 6.) Its salts are essential in nutrition, being required for the activity of many enzymes, especially those concerned with oxidative phosphorylation. It is found in the intra- and extracellular fluids and is excreted in urine and feces. The normal serum level is approximately 2 mEq/L. Magnesium deficiency causes irritability of the nervous system with tetany, vasodilation, convulsions, tremors, depression, and psychotic behavior.
Homeostasis of magnesium in extracellular fluids. The normal serum magnesium level is regulated by intestinal and renal function. Most of the body's magnesium is stored in bones, muscle, and soft tissue. From Malarkey and McMorrow, 2000.
magnesium carbonate an antacid.
magnesium chloride an electrolyte replenisher and a pharmaceutic necessity for hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis fluids.
magnesium citrate a saline laxative used for bowel evacuation before diagnostic procedures or surgery of the colon; administered orally.
magnesium hydroxide an antacid and cathartic.
magnesium oxide an antacid and a sorbent in pharmaceutical preparations; called also magnesia.
magnesium salicylate see salicylate.
magnesium silicate MgSiO3, a silicate salt of magnesium; the most common hydrated forms found in nature are asbestos and talc.
magnesium sulfate Epsom salt; an anticonvulsant and electrolyte replenisher, also used as a laxative and local antiinflammatory.
magnesium trisilicate a combination of magnesium oxide and silicon dioxide with varying proportions of water; used as a gastric antacid.

mag·ne·si·um car·bon·ate

agent used in gastric and intestinal acidity and as a laxative.

magnesium carbonate

MgCO3·3H2O; a bulky, white, odorless powder, taken by mouth to neutralize stomach acid.
CAS # 546-93-0
See also: magnesium

magnesium carbonate

A mild antacid drug used to treat DYSPEPSIA. Brand names of preparations containing it are Algicon and Topal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, and deglycyrrhizinated licorice extract target esophageal acid without disrupting gastric acid production.
In this region the Serpentinites and serpentinized Harzburgites often in surface sections have transformed into Hontite which is a calcium and magnesium carbonate with [Mg.
2] results in the formation of magnesium carbonate in two steps that proceed nearly simultaneously (equations 4 and 5).
John Harrison, a technologist from Tasmania, has developed a cement using magnesium carbonate instead of the calcium carbonate used for Portland cement.
7 g sodium sulphite per litre of water with or without a second agent such as sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, magnesium carbonate, lithium carbonate and zinc carbonate.
Rejecting the notion of anti-perspirants, instead the patent pending Krysztals range of solid deodorant bars combat body odour with sodium bicarbonate, magnesium carbonate and naturally derived fragrance from essential oils.
Russell says carbonate ions react with magnesium, an element essential to bacterial survival, forming magnesium carbonate and depriving the pathogens of magnesium.
LoSalt is a blend of two thirds potassium chloride and one third sodium chloride, with magnesium carbonate added as a flowing agent.
The lightly burned magnesia is made from magnesium carbonate, a material for black lime, a fertilizer.
Dry: Mix 1tsp light magnesium carbonate powder (pounds 3.
I've also noted magnesium carbonate trihydrate crystals existing metastably in a boiling solution and forming the basic carbonate when the temperature was allowed to drop--a reversed order of what the texts say should have happened.