New vessels and microaneurysms could not be seen on direct ophthalmoscopy but hard exudates and macular star
could not be visualized on FA.
Other possible causes of macular star
include hypertensive retinopathy, papilledema, anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, diabetic papillopathy, and toxic etiologies.
(range: 8-65 yrs.) (2), 2) an encounter with a cat in 67% of patients, 3) the typical ophthalmologic finding of a "macular star
" in 45%.