macular oedema


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Related to macular oedema: Macular edema

macular oedema

Retinal thickening due to the accumulation of fluid, which occurs in diabetic retinopathy, visualised by a binocular slit lamp or stereoscopic fundus photography. While macular oedema has few visual consequences, other than distortion of central vision, it is often accompanied by hard exudates, which are associated with loss of vision.

Management
Laser photocoagulation may be used to manage branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO); it is ineffective for central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO).

oedema, cystoid macular (CMO) 

Oedema and cyst formation of the macular area of the retina. It may occur as a result of, or be associated with, systemic vascular disease, retinal vein occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, uveitis, hypertensive retinopathy, retinitis pigmentosa and following some ocular surgery such as vitreoretinal, photocoagulation, glaucoma procedures and especially cataract surgery. When cystoid macular oedema follows cataract surgery it is called the Irvine-Gass syndrome and it is sometimes accompanied by intraoperative vitreous loss or vitreous adhesion to the iris or to the corneoscleral wound. Visual acuity is affected initially but recovers in the majority of cases. In some cases antiinflammatory therapy may help in restoring visual acuity and in other cases the vitreous adhesion may be disrupted with a Nd-Yag laser.
References in periodicals archive ?
Argon laser photocoagulation is useful in the treatment of diabetic macular oedema and advanced diabetic retinopathy.
The Optina trial, conducted at St Michael Hospital in Canada, was a phase II, placebo-controlled, double-masked study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a 12-week treatment with oral Optina in adult patients with Diabetic Macular Oedema.
As a criterion, all the patients included in the study were to have a confirmed diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy with a supportive clinical and angiographic evidence of diffuse or focal macular oedema. Patients who were found to have coexisting eye diseases that could also be a cause of visual impairment did not qualify to be included in the study.
The study was double masked and included 32 patients with moderate to severe diabetic macular oedema (range 316-707microns) that were treated orally with either placebo or one of three doses of Optina.
In this study all patients ahd macular oedema. FFA of these patients showed hyper-fluorescence in the macular area.
* Patients with severe diabetic retinopathy--severe and very severe NPDR or PDR with or without macular oedema.
Ohji, "Prospective comparisons of intravitreal injections of triamcinolone acetonide and bevacizumab for macular oedema due to branch retinal vein occlusion," Acta Ophthalmologica, vol.
Optical coherence tomography ( OCT) for detection of macular oedema in patients with diabetic retinopathy (Review) Optical coherence tomography (OCT) for detection of macular oedema in patients with diabetic retinopathy.
Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography evaluation of postoperative cystoid macular oedema following phacoemulsification with intraoperative complication.
The company has enrolled the patients using suprachoroidal space drug administration in the trial, which is intended to evaluate CLS-TA to treat macular oedema associated with non-infectious uveitis.