maculae


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Related to maculae: maculae ceruleae

maculae

See macula.

maculae

Plural of macula.

macula

(mak'u-la) plural.maculae [L., spot]
1. A small spot or colored area. See: roseola
2. Macule.
3. The specialized central region of the retina that surrounds the fovea and contains a high concentration of cone photoreceptors. It is responsible for central vision, fine visual detail, and color vision. It is located anatomically between the superior and inferior temporal vessels of the retina. Synonym: macula lutea retinae; yellow spotmacular (-lar), adjective

maculae acusticae

The site of the hair cells (receptors) in the wall of the saccule and utricle of the inner ear. These receptors respond to changes in the pull of gravity (position of the head) and generate impulses carried by the vestibular branch of the acoustic nerve. They include the macula sacculi and macula utriculi.

macula acustica sacculi

Macula sacculi.

macula albida

A white mark found on the visceral layer of the peritoneum or epicardium in some contagious diseases.

macula atrophica

A glistening white spot on the skin due to atrophy.

macula caerulea

A steel-gray or blue stain of epidermis without elevation. It does not disappear on pressure and occurs esp. with pediculosis pubis or flea bites.

cerebral macula

A reddened line that becomes deeper and persists for some time when the fingernail is drawn across the skin, esp. in tuberculous meningitis. Synonym: tache cérébrale

macula corneae

An opaque spot in the cornea.

macula cribrosa

One of several tiny foramina in the wall of the vestibule of the bony labyrinth of the ear through which pass filaments of the acoustic nerve.

macula densa

A group of cells in the wall of the distal renal tubule, next to the juxtaglomerular cells, that are sensitive to changes in the salt concentration of the filtrate in the tubule.

macula flava laryngis

A small yellow spot at the ventral end of each vocal cord formed by a small mass of elastic tissue or, sometimes, cartilage.

macula folliculi

The point on the ovarian follicle where it ruptures.

macula germinativa

The germinal area in eggs with large yolks.

macula gonorrhoeica

A red spot at the orifice of Bartholin's gland; seen in gonococcal vulvitis.

macula lutea retinae

Macula(3).

macula of retina

An oval, light pink area in the center of the retina (and to the temporal side of the optic disk) containing the fovea, the place of highest visual acuity.
Synonym: macular area

macula sacculi

The site of the hair cells in the saccule; receptors stimulated by the pull of gravity. These cells generate impulses carried by the vestibular branch of the acoustic nerve.

macula utriculi

The site of the hair cells in the utricule; receptors stimulated by the pull of gravity. These cells generate impulses carried by the vestibular branch of the acoustic nerve.