macrosomia


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macrosomia

 [mak″ro-so´me-ah]
great bodily size; see also gigantism. Called also macrosomatia.
neonatal macrosomia excessive birth weight in a neonate, seen most often in children of diabetic mothers or those with cerebral gigantism.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

mac·ro·so·mi·a

(mak'rō-sō'mē-ă),
Abnormally large size of the body.
Synonym(s): megasomia
[macro- + G. sōma, body]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

macrosomia

A newborn with an excessive birth weight—typically defined as more than 4.0 kg at birth—which classically occurs in infants of diabetic mothers.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

macrosomia

A larger than normal body typical of infants of mothers with gestational diabetes. See Gestational diabetes.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

mac·ro·so·mi·a

(mak'rō-sō'mē-ă)
Abnormally large size of the body.
[macro- + G. sōma, body]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

mac·ro·so·mi·a

(mak'rō-sō'mē-ă)
Abnormally large body size.
[macro- + G. sōma, body]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
A study of 57 629 women with GDM reported that the prevalence of caesarean delivery, macrosomia, preterm birth and pre-eclampsia was 27.8%, 15.7%, 8.4% and 2.6%, respectively.
Looking at nearby Trusts, St Helens has one of the highest rates of children born with macrosomia, with 11%.
Most researches focused on identifying risk factors at the first trimester for GDM development, including family predisposition, increased maternal age, cultural background, high Body Mass Index (BMI), elevated C-reactive protein levels and history of fetal macrosomia.8 Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) is a predictive index for type 2 diabetes.
Insulin is therefore recommended for management of gestational diabetes to prevent babies from development of macrosomia which may also help in planning vaginal delivery and can reduce cesarean sections rate as well.
There is positive association between gestational weight gain and GDM, macrosomia, GHTN and pre-eclampsia (Table 3).
Neonatal adverse outcomes included neonatal care unit admission rate, hypoglycemia, hyperbilirubinemia, RDS, macrosomia, congenital malformations, and neonatal death.
(8) have reported a different de novo HNF4A mutation at the same position (p.C93S, c.278 G>C) leading to a diazoxide responsive hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia that was diagnosed within the first week of life in a patient born with macrosomia (4.100 gr).
El normopeso se dio en 47 RN (47/84:56%), seguido del bajo peso (30/84:35,7%), macrosomia (3/84:3,6%) y muy bajo peso (2/84:2,4%).
Though late-gestation fetal growth lowers the risk of perinatal mortality, fetal macrosomia can cause labor complications that may raise the risk of perinatal death [1, 11].
Macrosomia is a term used to describe an estimated foetal weight or birthweight of more than 4500 g, but a birthweight above 4000 g is also commonly used to define this condition.
Aside from early-onset diabetes, HNF4A mutations have been associated with increased birth weight and macrosomia [6].