macroglia


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Related to macroglia: microglia, neuroglia

macroglia

 [mah-krog´le-ah]
neuroglia cells of ectodermal origin, i.e., the astrocytes and oligodendrocytes considered together.

as·tro·cyte

(as'trō-sīt),
One of the large neuroglia cells of nervous tissue.
See also: neuroglia.
[G. astron, star, + kytos, hollow (cell)]

macroglia

A generic term for cells in the CNS which are neither neurons nor microglia (or tissue-based macrophages). Macroglia cells include astrocytes, oligodendrogliocytes and glioblasts; they provide nutrition, physical support and synthesise myelin.

as·tro·cyte

(as'trō-sīt, astrŏ-sīt)
One of the large neuroglia cells of nervous tissue.
See also: neuroglia
Synonym(s): astroglia, macroglia.
[G. astēr, star, + kytos, chamber, cell]

macroglia

One of the two forms of neurological connective tissue (glia).
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead, most attention has been given to the role of retinal macroglia (mostly astrocytes) on the one hand and infiltrating leukocytes (neutrophils and macrophages) on the other hand.
Roskams, "SPARC is expressed by macroglia and microglia in the developing and mature nervous system," Developmental Dynamics, vol.
By contrast, glial cells comprise about 90% of the total cell content in the CNS and are classified as microglia and macroglia (astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and ependymal cells) [1].
Based on the fact that T cells are numerically rare in HD pathology [38], major culprits in HD associated with neuroinflammation seem to be microglia, neurons, and macroglia.
In the healthy CNS, resting microglia are characterized by many ramified processes, surveying the parenchyma for any possible threats to neurons and macroglia. Under physiological conditions, bone marrow-derived monocytes do not contribute to the local microglia pool [13, 14].