lysosomes


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lysosomes

(līsəsōmz),
n the self-contained organelles found inside most cells, which contain hydrolytic enzymes that aid in intracellular digestion. If these enzymes are released into the cytoplasm, they cause the cell to self-digest.
References in periodicals archive ?
20],[21] This may be due to the accumulation of lysosomes and autophagolysosomes in neurites or glial cells around amyloid plaques.
Brucella suis-impaired specific recognition of phagosomes by lysosomes due to phagosomal membrane modifications.
In alternative macroautophagy, autophagic membranes are generated from Golgi-derived thick membranes, and thus can easily fuse with the thick membranes of lysosomes.
And as with Alzheimer's, the poor function and acidification of lysosomes has been implicated in these disorders as well.
The researchers developed a strategy to deliver HP-beta-CD to lysosomes without affecting other cell structures.
In the next phase of their study, the researchers showed that clogging up the macrophages' lysosomes in the zebrafish with non-biological material - such as tiny plastic beads - has the same result.
The green fluorescent signal of Cyto-ID[R] is based on cytosolic compartments which can be specifically labeled with minimal staining of lysosomes and endosomes (Guo et al.
Over time, the amount of material building up in each lysosome causes it to swell and occupy more space in the cell, leading to additional problems for normal cellular function, said the experts addressing the session.
Keywords: Daphnia magna, gill epithelium, membrane infoldings, mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, dense tubules, multivesicular bodies, coated vesicles, cuticle, lysosomes
The homogenate was subjected to differential centrifugation for different fractions: (1) structural proteins, nucleus, and cell debris, 600 g, 10 min; (2) mitochondria, 5000 g, 10 min; (3) lysosomes, 15000 g, 10 min; (4) supernatant, cytosol.
Lysosomes act as a sort of recycling and disposal center for cells.
In hemocytes, one such parameter appears to be relative membrane stability, typically quantified by examining the capacity of lysosomes to retain Neutral Red dye.