lysolecithin


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ly·so·lec·i·thin

(lī'sō-les'i-thin),
A lysophosphatidylcholine; capable of lysing erythrocytes.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

lysolecithin

(lī″sŏ-les′ĭ-thĭn) [ lyso- + lecithin]
A substance obtained from lecithin through the action of an enzyme present in cobra venom. It demyelinates nerves and destroys red blood cells.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1957, Dawson attempted to detect lysolecithin in the crude lipids of rat liver with P.
These are also transported after being mixed with lipid micelles formed with the aid of bile salts, lysolecithin, lower glycerides, and cholesterol.
We postulate that during enhanced low-grade inflammation, the Lp-associated phospholipase [A.sub.2] contained in Lp(a) cleaves the excessively abundant oxidized phospholipids derived from dietary chylomicrons and remnant lipoproteins bound to their particles and releases short-chain fatty acids and lysolecithin (12).
Germinally transgenic tadpoles were produced by restriction enzyme-mediated integration nuclear transplantation according to Kroll and Amaya (1996), with the following modifications: sperm was purified by centrifugation on a two-layer discontinuous Percoll (Sigma) gradient before the permeabilization step, which was performed with digitonin (Sigma) instead of lysolecithin. Two plasmids were used: TH/bZIP-eGFP plasmid and a [gamma]-crystallin promoter coupled to a RedFP plasmid, which is expressed only in the eye.
By converting the lecithin in eggs into lysolecithin, Maxapal A2 helps to produce an emulsion with high physical stability, high viscosity, exceptional heat stability and extended shelf life.
These bipyramidal-shaped crystals are composed of the enzyme lysolecithin acylhydrolase, one of several eosinophilic proteins that damage respiratory epithelium and contribute to the pathology of allergy in the upper respiratory tract.
And the smoke appeared to trigger an increase in lysolecithin in the lung (a toxic compound also found in snake venom) which shot holes in lung membranes.
However, as most quaking mouse nerve fibers have a minimal sheathing with myelin, the scientists had to create focal areas completely denuded of myelin by injecting lysolecithin before transplantation.
It has been shown that FGF2 in concert with PDGF-A, IGF-I, and TGF-[beta]1 plays a role in remyelination after lysolecithin induced demyelination of neurons [44].
to 100 lysolecithin, sclerotium gum, caprylyl glycol, chlorphenesin, pullulan, xanthan gum, sodium phytate, silica) Phase B Syn-Star (DSM Nutritional Products/Centerchem, Inc.) 4.00 Niacinamide PC (DSM Nutritional Products) 4.00 Pentavitin (DSM Nutritional Products/Centerchem, Inc.) 1.00 Phase C Fragrance 0.05 Product formulas are supplied by producers of raw materials.
Regarding animal models of demyelination, an increase in astrogliosis has been previously reported during cuprizone-induced demyelination [56-58] as well as with the lysolecithin demyelination model [59-61].
Pantanowitz and Balogh state that lysolecithin acylhydrolase comprises approximately what percentage of total cellular protein in eosinophils?