Kiss and Porter  reported the experimental evidence of negative first normal stress difference of lyotropic
LCPs for the first time.
Evans, "Formation of highly ordered mesoporous silica materials adopting lyotropic
liquid crystal mesophases," Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol.
Lekkerkerker; Phase transitions in lyotropic
colloidal and polymer liquid crystal, Report on Progress Physics: 55 (8), 1241-1328 (1992)
liquid crystalline phases formed from glycerate surfactants as sustained release drug delivery systems.
Besides the methods mentioned above, the templating synthesis using lyotropic
liquid crystals (LLC), common biomimetic systems, is useful in fabricating nanomaterials (Zhao et al., 2003).
This can lead to various superstructures such as micelles, vesicles, multilayers, and lyotropic
liquid crystalline phases (at high concentrations) (317).
To create a breathable barrier, Gin and his colleagues turned to a lyotropic
liquid crystal, which has two different ends: one water loving, the other water repelling.
They begin by describing liquid crystal materials, including thermotropic liquid crystalline materials, lyotropic
liquid crystals, and amphotropic liquid crystals.
It is interesting that Geary et al claim that the cationic polymer can promote the formation of a microscopic-phase separation of lyotropic
This study focuses on the synthesis of homopolymer and copolymer hydrogels via the photopolymerization of water-soluble and oil-soluble monomers in Pluronic Lyotropic
Liquid Crystals (LLCs).
Calcium and Mg were the dominant resident exchangeable cations in both soils, and based on the lyotropic
series, these divalent cations have a greater affinity for the exchange sites relative to monovalent cations such as N[H.sub.4]-N, particularly where organic matter is a major source of the negative surface charge (Table 2).
We have shown that the reverse transition: isotropic to liquid crystalline may also happen in special conditions, and one of the examples is on a polymer that has no known thermotropic or lyotropic