synovitis

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synovitis

 [sin″o-vi´tis]
inflammation of a synovial membrane, usually painful, particularly on motion, and characterized by fluctuating swelling, due to effusion in a synovial sac. It may be caused by rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis, trauma, gout, or other conditions.
Events involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid synovitis progress from left to right. M = macrophage; T = T lymphocyte; B = B lymphocyte; P = plasma cell; IL = interleukin; TNF-α = tumor necrosis factor α; TGF-β = transforming growth factor β; GM-CSF = granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; RF = rheumatoid factor; PGE2 = prostaglandin E2; C = complement. From Goldman and Bennett, 2000.
dry synovitis synovitis with little effusion.
purulent synovitis synovitis with effusion of pus in a synovial sac.
serous synovitis synovitis with copious nonpurulent effusion.
synovitis sic´ca dry synovitis.
simple synovitis synovitis with clear or slightly turbid effusion.
tendinous synovitis inflammation of a tendon sheath.
villonodular synovitis proliferation of synovial tissue, especially of the knee joint, composed of synovial villi and fibrous nodules infiltrated by giant cells and macrophages.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

syn·o·vi·tis

(sin'ō-vī'tis),
Inflammation of a synovial membrane, especially that of a joint; in general, when unqualified, the same as arthritis.
[synovia + G. -itis, inflammation]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

synovitis

(sī′nə-vī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of a synovial membrane.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

synovitis

Orthopedics Inflammation of a synovial joint. See Dendritic synovitis, Florid synovitis, Pigmented villonodular synovitis, Toxic synovitis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

syn·o·vi·tis

(sin'ō-vī'tis)
Inflammation of a synovial membrane, especially that of a joint. In general, when unqualified, the same as arthritis.
[synovia + G. -itis, inflammation]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

synovitis

Inflammation of the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Synovitis

Inflammation of the synovium, a membrane found inside joints.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

syn·o·vi·tis

(sin'ŏ-vī'tis)
Inflammation of a synovial membrane.
[synovia + G. -itis, inflammation]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012