However, the damaged cartilage has little ability for repairing itself due to the lack of blood supply, nerves, and lymphangion
If LVI occurred, cancer cells may be transported to distant organ or LN along a blood vessel or lymphangion
. Thus, organ or LN metastasis is likely to arise.
[2.] Tds GI (1988) Self-regulation of the pumping function lymphangion. Physiology Journal of the USSR 74(7): 977-979.
[1.] Orlov RS (1984) The mechanism of action of intravascular pressure on electrical and contractile activity lymphangions. Physiology Journal of the USSR 70(12): 1636-1644.
The capacity for cartilage self-repair is limited due to its unique structure, as it lacks blood supply, nerves, and lymphangion
; cartilage absorbs supplements mainly from the synovial fluid.
It describes the anatomy and physiology of the circulation of the blood, the anatomy of lymph vessels and lymph nodes, the physiology of the lymphatic system, lymph, and interstitium, and lymphedema; manual lymph drainage, including equilibrium and balance as the aim of massage, indications and contraindications, effects on the smooth muscles of blood vessels and lymphangions
, and diagnostic examination and edema measurement; massage techniques, treatments for individual parts of the body, special techniques, and a treatment model for secondary lymphedema; complementary treatments like compression therapy and respiratory therapy; and the historical background.
The hypothesis of the mechanism of action is that cervical stimulation causes the contraction of the lymphangions thereby increasing drainage .
The hypothesis of the mechanism of action of this stimulation is that it stimulates contractions of lymphangions thereby physiologically assisting lymph drainage.