lung irritant gas


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lung irritant gas

Any toxic or noxious gas that causes irritation or inflammation of the airways or alveoli. ; war gas

Symptoms

Symptoms of exposure include a burning sensation of the eyes, nose, and throat; bronchitis; and pneumonitis. Pulmonary edema sometimes occurs and may cause severe respiratory failure and death.

Treatment

Supplemental oxygen and/or mechanical ventilation may be required for hours or days, depending on the extent of lung injury. Aerosolized bronchodilators may also be useful in reducing the work of breathing, and corticosteroids may reduce airway inflammation.

See also: gas