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Related to lumpy jaw: wooden tongue
A disease primarily of cattle and humans caused by the bacterium Actinomyces bovis in cattle and by A. israelii and Arachnia propionica in humans. These actinomycetes are part of the normal bacterial flora of the mouth and pharynx, but when introduced into tissue they may produce chronic destructive abscesses or granulomas that eventually discharge a viscid pus containing minute yellowish granules (sulfur granules). In humans, the disease commonly affects the cervicofacial area, abdomen, or thorax; in cattle, the lesion is commonly found in the mandible.
[actino- + G. mykēs, fungus, + -osis, condition]
Aetiology Actinomyces israeli, A meueri, A naeslundi, A odontolyticus, and Arachnia propionica. Lympy jaw in cows is caused by A bovis
lumpy jawInfectious disease A jaw characterized by painful, 'wood-hard' fibrotic induration of the parotid and submandibular regions, arising in a background of dental disease–caries, periodontitis, or extractions, due to cervicofacial actinomyces, the most common form of actinomyces infection; LJ in humans is caused by A israeli and others; other findings in cervicofacial actinomycosis include trismus, multiple draining sinus tracts bearing the classic yellow-white sulfur granules, fever, leukocytosis, extension to facial soft tissue, bone and, if untreated, the CNS Treatment Penicillin. See Actinomycosis.
1. Either or both of the maxillary and mandibular bones, bearing the teeth and forming the mouth framework. See: illustration
2. The grasping part of a surgical instrument. The word is usually used in the plural.
An early embryonic malformation resulting in lack of fusion of the right and left mandible into a single bone.
Noise in the normal or diseased temporomandibular joint during movement of the jaw. Synonym: crepitation