On the other hand, Tipler observed that at present modern cosmology accepted as a solution for Olbers's paradox the idea that the Universe undergoes a process of evolution (which corresponds to Poe's model) and has a finite age (which--according to Tipler--would not correspond to Poe's model: as we mentioned above, Tipler invokes as an argument the fact that Poe speaks of a Universe which is cyclical ad infinitum), and the speed of light being, too, finite we will be able to see through the depths of space only up to a certain finite distance: the consequence is that all the stars beyond this finite distance will not contribute to the luminousness
of the background of the heavenly vault during nighttime (Tipler 1988: 45).
Through this lens, James sees spiritual judgments on religion as independent from existential judgments because spiritual judgments rely on criteria of value: the degree of immediate luminousness, philosophical reasonableness, and moral helpfulness (5).
It is the spiritual value of immediate luminousness that produces the fruits of life for the individual.
Initially, the drugged William Asquith Farnaby disappears into a blissful luminousness
said to be "the mind's natural state" (I 263).
Dark curtains swag behind the royal couple in order to set off the luminousness
of their garments visually and to reveal, symbolically, through the parting between them, the sun manifesting itself through breaking clouds.
Something more than luminousness
and lubricity transpires in these paintings, however, and in a way that takes us to the heart of Caravaggio's vision: we must see these youths as situated at the intersection of two orders of reality.