mandible

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mandible

 [man´dĭ-b'l]
the horseshoe-shaped bone forming the lower jaw. adj., adj mandib´ular. It consists of a central portion, which forms the chin and supports the lower teeth, and two perpendicular portions, or rami, which point upward from the back of the chin on either side and articulate with the temporal bones.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

man·di·ble

(man'di-bŭl), [TA]
A U-shaped bone (in superior view), forming the lower jaw, articulating by its upturned extremities with the temporal bone on either side.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

mandible

(măn′də-bəl)
n.
1. The lower jaw of a vertebrate animal.
2. Either the upper or lower part of the beak in birds.
3. Any of various mouth organs of invertebrates used for seizing and biting food, especially either of a pair of such organs in insects and other arthropods.

man·dib′u·lar (-dĭb′yə-lər) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

mandible

The lower jaw bone. The joint where the mandible meets the upper jaw at the temporal bone is called the temporomandibular joint.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

man·di·ble

(man'di-bĕl) [TA]
A U-shaped bone, forming the lower jaw, articulating by its upturned extremities with the temporal bone on either side.
Synonym(s): jaw bone, mandibula, submaxilla.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
Enlarge picture
LEFT LATERAL VIEW OF MANDIBLE

mandible

(man′dĭ-bĕl) [L. mandibula, lower jawbone]
The horseshoe-shaped bone forming the lower jaw.
See: illustrationmandibular (-dib′yŭ-lăr), adjective
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

mandible

The lower jaw bone. The head of the mandible, on either side, articulates with a hollow on the underside of the temporal bone, just in front of the ear. This is called the temporo-mandibular joint. The mandible is pulled upwards by powerful masticatory muscles. In dislocation of the mandible, the heads slip forward out of the hollows in the temporal bone and the mouth remains wide open until the dislocation is reduced by downward pressure on the back teeth.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

mandible

that part of the mouthparts of an animal which does most of the crushing of food materials. In vertebrates, the term usually denotes the lower jaw. In insects and other arthropods, the mandibles are one of a pair of mouthparts used for crushing food (see Fig. 197 ).
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Mandible

The medical term for the lower jaw. One type of oral appliance used to treat OSA pushes the mandible forward in order to ease breathing during sleep.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

man·di·ble

(man'di-bĕl) [TA]
U-shaped bone (in superior view), forming lower jaw, articulating by its upturned extremities with temporal bone on either side.
Synonym(s): jaw bone, lower jaw, mandibulum, submaxilla.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Preoperculomandibular pores 6 (3 on lower jaw +3 on preopercular area).
Washington, September 8 ( ANI ): In a new report, researchers have revealed that using a novel surgical approach, it is possible to rebuild a functional lower jaw and mouth and preserve a patient's ability to eat and speak after removing an invasive facial tumour.
Fishery researchers in Australia's Northern Territory simulated angling catches using captive barramundi, chasing fish in enclosures before either lip-gripping and holding them vertically for 20 seconds; placing lip-grippers in the lower jaw and supporting the fish with the other hand in a horizontal hold; or securing it with a flat-bottom net.* Fish were then returned to tanks to resume feeding.
The Cat G 130B uses a two-over-three tine configuration that allows the three tines on the slightly curved lower jaw to sink easily into scrap piles, while a pair of tines on the interlocking upper jaw exerts ample hydraulic power to retain material securely on the large working surfaces of the jaws.
For instance, bony protrusions that shore up her lower jaw appear in a modern human skull that is from Eastern Europe more than 100,000 years old, Trinkaus says.
Eleven-year-old Keely Carter, from Solihull, needed an emergency three-hour operation to remove the wooden stick which punctured her lower jaw and came out through her mouth, knocking out her upper front teeth.
The lower part of the body, including lower jaw, and tongue tissue, was preserved well.
The findings include a face, a remarkably complete lower jaw, and part of a second lower jaw.
The remains of the body, with a missing lower jaw, were found on Thursday lying in a ditch beneath undergrowth at Totley, Sheffield.
When the reptile chews, the lower jaw closes between two rows of upper teeth.
Last year, for instance, researchers analyzed the lower jaw, skull fragments, and 40 percent of the skeleton of a chipmunk-size creature that lived 150 million years ago (SN: 4/30/05, p.
The 17-year-old suffered two fractures of his lower jaw and the 16-yearold suffered a black eye and swollen lip.