low-calorie diet

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Related to low-calorie diet: Very low calorie diet, Vlcd

low-cal·o·rie di·et

a diet of 1,200 or fewer calories per day.

low-cal·o·rie di·et

(lō-kalŏr-ē dīĕt)
Dietary regimen of 1,200 or fewer calories per day.


the customary amount and kind of food and drink taken by an animal from day to day; more narrowly, a diet planned to meet specific requirements of the animal, including or excluding certain foods. See also winter diet.

acid diet
diets of low alkalinity which are fed to cows to prevent milk fever. The diet in the 4 weeks preceding parturition, which is ordinarily highly alkaline, is supplemented with calcium chloride, and aluminum and magnesium sulfates, to reduce this alkalinity.
bland diet
one that is free from any irritating or stimulating foods.
calcium homeostatic diet
a diet aimed at maintaining normal blood levels of calcium in recently calved cows.
calculolytic diet
formulated to aid in the dissolution of struvite uroliths. Usually provides a low intake of protein, restricts phosphorus and magnesium, and acidifies the urine. Additional salt may also be included. These have been used successfully in dogs and cats.
deficient diet
see nutritional deficiency disease.
drought feeding diet
elemental diet
contains nutrients as small molecular weight compounds, i.e. proteins as amino acids or peptides, carbohydrates as oligosaccharides or monosaccharides, and fats as medium-chain triglycerides. Used in the treatment of gastrointestinal disease. Called also monomeric diet.
elimination diet
one for diagnosing food allergy, based on the sequential omission of foods which might cause the clinical signs in the patient.
geriatric diet
may vary in composition; generally, they are formulated to provide lower energy intake and increased digestibility.
gluten-free diet
one without wheat, rye, barley, buckwheat, or oats or related products.
high-calorie diet, high-energy diet
one that furnishes more calories than needed for maintenance; used to increase body condition, in recovery from illness and for maintenance under stressful conditions.
high-fiber diet
one relatively high in dietary fiber; in dogs and cats, used in the management of large and small bowel diarrhea, diabetes mellitus, constipation and obesity.
high-protein diet
one containing large amounts of protein; used in the management of dogs and cats recovering from illness.
home-prepared diet
one prepared in the home kitchen, in contrast with commercially prepared pet foods.
hypoallergenic diet
one formulated to avoid suspected allergens; usually used in the management of allergic skin or bowel disease.
liquid diet
a diet limited to liquids or to foods that can be changed to a liquid state.
low-calorie diet
one containing fewer calories than needed to maintain weight; normally used in management of obesity in dogs and cats.
low-fat diet
one containing limited amounts of fat; used in the management of pancreatic disease, bowel disease, and obesity in dogs and cats.
low-fiber diet
see low-residue diet (below).
low purine diet
in dogs and cats, generally a low-meat diet.
low-residue diet
one with a minimum of cellulose and fiber and restriction of connective tissue found in certain cuts of meat. It is prescribed for irritations of the intestinal tract, after surgery of the large intestine, in partial intestinal obstruction, or when limited bowel movements are desirable. Called also low-fiber diet.
low vitamin A diet
one containing low levels of vitamin A; in dog and cat diets, this would mean little or no organ meats. The only probable indication for such a diet is in the treatment of hypervitaminosis A.
lower urinary tract disease diet
one that promotes acidification of the urine and containing restricted magnesium and phosphorus, and sometimes increased salt.
monomeric diet
see elemental diet (above).
phosphate-restricted diet
one containing restricted amounts of phosphorus; used in the management of chronic renal disease.
polymeric diet
meal replacement diets; fed to animals with almost normal gastrointestinal function. Proteins, fats and carbohydrates are present in high molecular weight forms.
sodium-restricted diet
used in management of congestive heart failure and systemic hypertension in dogs and cats.
References in periodicals archive ?
The animals on the low-calorie diet conserved most of the rhythmic functions "of their youth.
People on low-carbohydrate diets are more dependent on the oxidation of fat in the liver for energy than those on low-calorie diets, researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, have found.
Low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets promote greater weight loss and improve certain serum lipids, compared with low-calorie diets, according to a literature review.
Other studies have shown that young mice put on a low-calorie diet live much longer than mice fed the standard fare.
That would make the Atkins plan nothing more than a low-calorie diet in disguise.
Laboratory mice fed a restricted low-calorie diet (25 percent calorie restriction) had significantly less damage to their age-related genes than those on a high-calorie diet.
Self-help diet books and clinical and non-clinical weight-loss programs often include low-calorie diet plans.
This study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine on December 31, focused on the eating and exercise habits of two groups of obese people: 10 who were "diet-resistant" (that is, they were currently on a low-calorie diet but were not losing weight, and they had a long history of unsuccessful diet attempts) and 80 who were not.
Scientists randomly assigned roughly 440 overweight or obese healthy women aged 50 to 75 to one of four groups: a low-calorie diet, aerobic exercise, diet plus exercise, or a control.
It found that following a low-calorie diet for two days per week, commonly known as the 5:2 diet, can lead to cancerpreventing changes in the breast tissue.
The various studies examined the effects of drugs, meal replacements, high protein diets, dietary supplements and exercise on rebound weight gain after an intensive weight loss, low-calorie diet (less the 1,000 calories a day).