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The science concerned with the production and effects of very low temperatures, particularly temperatures around that of liquid helium (< 4.25 K).
[cryo- + G. -gen, producing]
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"They need tubing they can have confidence in - a product they know won't break down or crack in the extremely low temperatures used for cell, drug and media storage and sampling.
With the rapid advance of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology, a large number of low temperature regulated genes had been identified to involve in a variety of biological processes in many crops (Xu et al., 2011; Secco et al., 2013; Zhang et al., 2013; An et al., 2015; Huang et al., 2015).
However, in regions where winter temperatures fall under -20 deg C (-4 deg F), such as Hokkaido, the northernmost island of Japan, the northern U.S., Russia, Canada and the Nordic countries, it is difficult to get stable performance from conventional secondary batteries*2 at such low temperatures. A special heater can be added to such systems to maintain the battery temperature, but this also adds to costs and makes the equipment larger.
Figure 36: Global Low Temperature Sterilization Market Size, By Volume, 2006-11 (Units)
Understanding the mechanisms of low temperature adaptation is crucial to the development of cold-tolerant crops.
Two groups of research workers, one at the University of California and the other in Holland, using novel methods identical in principle, have arrived at the extraordinary low temperatures of 0.25 degrees absolute and "certainly below 0.27 degrees absolute," respectively.
In many cases, the low temperature eliminates the need for a hardening tunnel, a typical production bottleneck, before the finished ice cream products are put into cold storage.
Low temperature technology utilization in the solution of energy problems.
We partnered with the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program to demonstrate, validate, and implement a volatile organic compound/hazardous air pollutant-free low temperature cure powder coating on DoD weapon system components in a depot production environment.
This pelletized EPR is targeted at the TPO market and offers superior stiffness and good low temperature properties.
A new type of per-fluorinated polymer, "Low Temperature Fomblin," has been tested as a wall coating in an ultracold neutron (UCN) storage experiment using a gravitational storage system.

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