low magnesium

magnesium deficiency

A clinical state due to inadequate intake or impaired intestinal absorption of magnesium, often associated with decreased Ca2+ and decreased K+.
 
Clinical findings
Irritability of nervous system with tetany (spasms of hands and feet), muscular twitching, cramps, and laryngeal spasm.

low magnesium

Hypomagnesemia, see there.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is known that if you have low magnesium levels, you have the tendency to tire out more quickly during exercise.
* Magnesium lactate is the best absorbed, for people who are told they have low magnesium levels.
A recent review article reveals that low magnesium is a major contributor to the development of hypertension, which leads to atherosclerosis and heart disease.
It gave confirmation to a prior observational study in 2013 by researchers who linked low magnesium levels with low vitamin D levels.
Only 5% children were having low magnesium level in their urine.
Magnesium supplementation improves indicators of low magnesium status and inflammatory stress in adults older than 51 years with poor quality sleep.
People who've suffered an injury to a joint, have an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), overactive parathyroid gland (hyperparathyroidism), too much iron in their body, or low magnesium are at increased risk of pseudogout.
FDA Drug Safety Communication: Low magnesium levels can be associated with long-term use of Proton Pump Inhibitor drugs (PPIs).
The laboratory investigations disclosed a severely low magnesium level (0.4mg/dl; range: 1.7-2.55 mg/dl), a hypocalcemic level (1.7mmol/l; range: 2.1-2.5 mmol/l), a normal potassium level (3.6 mmol/l; range: 3.5-5.1 mmol/l), a low hemoglobin count (12.3 g/l; range: 14-17.5 g/l), a low erythrocyte count (3.69 x [10.sup.6]/[micro]l; range: 4.5-5.9 x [10.sup.6]/[micro]l), a low 25-OH vitamin D level (7ng/ml; range: 31-100 ng/ml) despite the replacement therapy, and a normal parathormone (PTH) level (22.3pg/ml; range: 14.5-87.1 pg/ml).
In this review, the magnesium cycle in the human body, magnesium deficiency and its causes, diseases associated with low magnesium, hypermagnesemia, and the role of magnesium in therapy and prevention will be discussed.
The long term use of PPIs is associated with increased risk of bone fractures, low magnesium absorption, C.difficile infections etc.