The most common type of medial meniscal tear identified on MRI and arthroscopy was longitudinal tear
A complete medial discoid meniscus with a partial longitudinal tear
in red zone of the body and posterior horn was found.
Probing of the meniscal synovial edge showed complete longitudinal tear
from anterior to posterior.
There was a large longitudinal tear
in the medial retinaculum (Figure 3) with avulsion of attachments from medial border of patella.
Consequently the PTT can become irritated due to friction against the medial malleolus and subject to a number of pathological changes such as avulsion, longitudinal tear
, or rupture of the mid tendon substance.
These combine a longitudinal tear
and a transverse tear.
Repair is definitely feasible when a traumatic vertical longitudinal tear
is within the vascular zone.
Most astonishing finding was a 7cm long longitudinal tear
of the inferior vena cava in the sub diaphragmatic region which was bleeding profusely and hepatic laceration through and through in the region right of falciform ligament almost transecting it into two parts.
A BHT is a longitudinal tear
of the medial or lateral knee meniscus that extends from the posterior horn toward the anterior horn.
Wewalka et al (13) used four clips to close a 15-mm longitudinal tear
in the lower esophageal sphincter after pneumatic dilation for achalasia.
A vertical longitudinal tear
occurs between the circumferential collagen fibres parallel to the long axis of the meniscus.
In their technical report on repairing such tears, including horn avulsions, double longitudinal tears
, radial tears, and retears, they observed that their own experience in nearly 300 tears was that less than 10% re-tore following repair.