lolitrems

lolitrems

complex indole tremorgenic mycotoxins found in Lolium spp. grasses infected with Neotyphodium (Acremonium) lolii; includes lolitrems A and B.
References in periodicals archive ?
1988) and lolitrems (Prestidge and Gallagher, 1988) have also been shown to deter insect predation.
Up to five-fold and six-fold variation was measured in lolitrem B and peramine respectively, depending on the stage of the season, among 17 perennial ryegrass plants collected in old New Zealand pastures (Ball et al.
lolii but free of lolitrem B and with a low level of ergovaline.
Lolitrem B and peramine mean annual concentrations in the leaf were correlated with ELISA values among 17 perennial ryegrass plants (r = 0.
Interrelationships between Acremonium lolii, peramine, and lolitrem B in perennial ryegrass.
Seasonal levels of peramine and lolitrem B in acremonium lolii-infected perennial ryegrass, p.
The ability to produce lolitrems and paxilline has also been shown in vitro for cultures of N.
1986), and lolitrems, the cause of ryegrass staggers syndrome (Gallagher et al.
Ryegrass staggers: The presence of lolitrem neurotoxins in perennial ryegrass seed.
Ryegrass staggers: Isolation of potent neurotoxins lolitrem A and lolitrem B from staggers-producing pastures.
Paxilline biosynthesis by Acremonium loliae: A step towards defining the origin of lolitrem neurotoxins.
The major toxins identified to date are alkaloids, including the ergopeptine alkaloids, indole-isoprenoid lolitrems, pyrrolizidine alkaloids, and pyrrolopyrazine alkaloids (Porter, 1994).