lockjaw


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lockjaw

 [lok´jaw]

tris·mus

(triz'mŭs),
Persistent contraction of the masseter muscles due to failure of central inhibition; often the initial manifestation of generalized tetanus.
Synonym(s): Ankylostoma (2) , lock-jaw, lockjaw
[L. fr. G. trismos, a creaking, rasping]

lockjaw

(lŏk′jô′)
n.
1. See tetanus.
2. An early sign of tetanus, in which there is difficulty opening the jaw because of a tonic spasm of the muscles of mastication. Also called trismus.

lockjaw

(1) Tetanus, see there.
(2) Trismus, see there.

lockjaw

Tetanus, trismus Spasm of the masseter muscles with stiffness of the jaw caused by tetanospasmin, a neurotoxin produced by Clostridium tetani, which causes an unrestrained muscle firing, and sustained muscular contraction which, if severe, causes dysphagia or acute respiratory insufficiency by causing prolonged diaphragm contraction

tris·mus

(triz'mŭs)
Persistent contraction of the masseter muscles due to failure of central inhibition; often the initial manifestation of generalized tetanus.
Synonym(s): lockjaw.
[L. fr. G. trismos, a creaking, rasping]

lockjaw

A lay term for uncontrollable contraction (spasm) of the powerful chewing muscles that occurs in established TETANUS. The spasm clamps the teeth together so that they can barely be separated. The medical term is trismus.

tris·mus

(triz'mŭs)
Persistent contraction of masseter muscles due to failure of central inhibition; often initial manifestation of generalized tetanus.
Synonym(s): ankylostoma, lockjaw.
[L. fr. G. trismos, a creaking, rasping]
References in periodicals archive ?
It affects small muscles first, making them spasm and causing lockjaw. After a while it spreads to larger muscles, causing whole body to spasm.
They trudge past with identical Buffalo lockjaw faces."
Lockjaw is an inch away on Tyler P's tetanus-fraught pivot fakie.
Other stolen equipment includes an aluminium scaffolding tower, a boiler, tools such as hedge trimmers, a jack hammer from a JCB, lockjaw pliers, mole grips, life buoys and a picnic table.
When we were all finished and things were being put into bags and boxes and some being worn out the store, the saleswoman turned to me, off to the side, and through her tightest Texas lockjaw smile said, "Honey, that'll be $16.95." I paid it, gladly.
Tetanus, also called lockjaw, is caused by a bacterium that is common in the soil.
Contracted through injuries such as lacerations, punctures, and splinters, tetanus is characterized by muscular rigidity rapidly spreading throughout the body, producing pain and stiffness, especially in the neck and jaw--hence the alternative name lockjaw. The impact on the facial muscles produces a particular characteristic feature called risus sardonicus, or "sardonic grin," in which the angles of the mouth are drawn down, exposing taught clenched teeth.
Readers learn that Louisa May Alcott had a crush on both Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson when she was young, that Thoreau was devastated when his brother John died of lockjaw, that Hawthorne spent the good part of 12 years in his sister's attic, and that utopian societies of the era had casual sexual mores.
I first discovered Lockjaw's self-adjusting and locking pliers at the welding supply shop in Claremont, New Hampshire, while retrieving a couple of oxygen bottles for Kate, my glass-working wife.
The jury returned verdict that he died from lockjaw, following the kick.
They've coined mad cow disease, hairy-shaker disease, lockjaw, and the painful-sounding (at least to males) pizzle rot disease.
The conventional position makes me claustrophobic and the others give me a stiff neck or lockjaw.