locked-in syndrome


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Related to locked-in syndrome: Cotard delusion

locked-in syndrome

 [lok't in]
a condition in which the patient is awake and retains mental capacity but cannot express himself or herself because of paralysis of afferent motor pathways, preventing speech and limb movements (except for some form of voluntary eye movement, usually up and down). The patient may be able to establish effective communication through eye movements and specially adapted computers or letter boards.

locked-·in syn·drome

basis pontis infarct resulting in tetraplegia, horizontal ophthalmoplegia, dysphagia, and facial diplegia with preserved consciousness; caused by basilar artery occlusion.
Synonym(s): pseudocoma

locked-in syndrome

Neurology Flaccid tetraplegia with facial paresis and complete incapacity of expression–ie, anarthric and aphonic; LIS is due to damage or dysfunction of descending motor pathways or peripheral nerves, 2º to bilateral destruction of the basis pontis or medulla and sparing of tegmentum, caused by infarcts or central pontine myelinolysis; LIS Pts are conscious and alert and only capable of communicating by moving their eyes–voluntary eye movement and eyelids–blinking

lock·ed-in syn·drome

(lokt-in' sin'drōm)
Basis pontis infarct resulting in tetraplegia, horizontal ophthalmoplegia, dysphagia, and facial diplegia with preserved consciousness; caused by basilar artery occlusion.

locked-in syndrome

A state of total paralysis, except for eye movements, in which the victim remains conscious and able to communicate by eye movement codes. This nightmarish situation usually results from a basilar artery haemorrhage or thrombosis, or other damage, affecting the ventral pons with preservation of the dorsal tegmental area. This destroys almost all motor function, but leaves the higher mental functions intact. Compare PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furuya et al., "Locked-in syndrome due to bilateral cerebral peduncular infarctions with occlusion of persistent primitive trigeminal artery," Rinsho Shinkeigaku, vol.
Locked-In Syndrome: a catastrophic complication after surgery.
y He said: "Compassion and solidarity are the humane and caring responses to locked-in syndrome. y s "To legalise killing of those who are suffering would adversely affect many, many people."
What is locked-in syndrome? Locked-in syndrome is a condition in which a patient is aware and awake but cannot move or communicate verbally due to complete paralysis of nearly all voluntary muscles.
Computers may soon be able to read the minds of patients suffering "locked-in syndrome" - a condition that renders them unable to communicate despite being aware of their surroundings.
For the past two years, and with the help of her carers, Mia has been writing her life story - including parts of what she can remember from the night of her stroke and how she has "overcome" locked-in syndrome - using only her eyes It has now been sold around the world - with readers as far afield as New Zealand taking to her Facebook page to praise her writing.
Those are the inspiring words of 42-year-old Dawn Faizey-Webster, who has locked-in syndrome. She's paralysed and unable to speak but her brain is in perfect working order.
BORO legend Gary Parkinson who has locked-in syndrome after a stroke three years ago spoke to fans during a special online question and answer session.
Summary: Locked-in syndrome sufferer Tony Nicklinson is "devastated" after losing a High Court battle to end his life with a doctor's assistance.
But for my co-author Kate Allatt it was a lifeline after she suffered a massive stroke caused by a blood clot in her brainstem, which left her with Locked-in Syndrome.
People with locked-in syndrome are mentally alert but almost every muscle in their body is paralysed.