local analgesia

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lo·cal an·al·ge·si·a

(lōkăl anal-jēzē-ă)
Localized palliation of pain.
See also: analgesia


absence of sensibility to pain, particularly the relief of pain without loss of consciousness; absence of pain or noxious stimulation. See also analgesic.

continuous caudal analgesia
continuous injection of an anesthetic solution into the sacral and lumbar plexuses within the epidural space to relieve the pain of parturition; also used in general surgery to block the pain pathways caudal to the umbilicus (see also caudal anesthesia).
epidural analgesia
analgesia induced by introduction of the analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. See also epidural.
infiltration analgesia
paralysis of the nerve endings at the site of operation by subcutaneous injection of an anesthetic.
intrasynovial analgesia
surface analgesia, produced by the introduction of a local analgesic agent into the synovial cavity and massaged into tendon sheaths.
intravenous regional analgesia
the local anesthetic agent is injected intravenously caudal to a tourniquet. The tissues below the tourniquet become anesthetized. The tourniquet and the anesthesia can be maintained for up to 15 minutes. Called also Bier block (technique).
local analgesia
injection of an anesthetic agent to create local analgesia. Includes infiltration, nerve block, epidural, intrathecal, intrasynovial, subarachnoid. See anesthesia.
perioperative analgesia
given before, during and after the surgical procedure.
pre-emptive analgesia
administration of long-lasting analgesics before surgery to help to avoid the establishment of a sensitized state and result in diminished postoperative pain.
regional analgesia
see regional anesthesia.
segmental analgesia
see segmental dorsolumbar epidural block.
spinal analgesia
injection of an analgesic agent into the spinal canal, generally either into the subarachnoid or epidural space. See also spinal anesthesia.
surface analgesia
local analgesia produced by an anesthetic applied to the surface of mucous membranes, e.g. those of the eye, nose, throat and urethra.
References in periodicals archive ?
Articaine 4% 1:100,000 is reported to be a well-tolerated, safe and effective local analgesia for use in children [Dudkiewicz et al.
The reasons for failure of local analgesia in this case are unclear, but may be due to uptake of the anaesthetic solution into the CH, altered innervation of the area secondary to multiple surgeries or local inflammation.
2011] as they reduce the amount of local analgesia required [Martens, 2003] and the need for sutures is eliminated.
found that addition of small amounts of dexamethasone to bupivacaine incorporated in micro capsules prolonged local analgesia compared with microcapsules with plain bupivacaine after subcutaneous administration in humans.
Physical restraining with local analgesia with lidocaine was sufficient for abscess removal.
Also the use of rubber-dam and local analgesia was analysed in the cluster restorative care.
Under local analgesia, two elliptical incisions were made around the tumor mass one at its base and the other one below the level of incisors (Fig.
The administration of local analgesia for young children is a challenge all of those in clinical practice have to face.
A variety of different surface preparations have been suggested to decrease the discomfort of intraoral local analgesia injections.